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Home » Plant infomation

Zanthoxylum americanum  Mill.


Botanical Name


Zanthoxylum americanum Mill.

English Name


Sea ash, Toothache tree, Common pricklyash, American prickly ash, Northern Prickly Ash, Yellowwood



Thylax fraxineum (Willd.) Raf., Zanthoxylum fraxineum Willd., Zanthoxylum fraxinifolium Marshall, Zanthoxylum mite Willd., Zanthoxylum parvum Shinners, Zanthoxylum ramiflorum Michx.





General Info


Deciduous shrub or small tree, 15-25 ft (4.5-7.5 m) tall, reproduces from root shoots and can form thickets. Leaves alternate, pinnately compound (odd), 5-11 leaflets on a prickly central stalk 10-20 cm long, ovate to elliptic, two opposite spines on the stem at or below the point of petiole attachment. Flowers small, greenish, in small axillary clusters, appear before the leaves; dioecious - male and female flowers on separate trees. Fruit small, 4-5 mm across, bright red, containing 1-2 shiny black seeds.

Herb Effects

Irritant, odontalgic and antirheumatic (bark and roots); diaphoretic, stimulant, antispasmodic, carminative, diuretic and antirheumatic (fruits).


Plants For A Future
Oregon State Univ., LANDSCAPE PLANTS


Active Ingredients

Berberine, candicine, tannin, xanthoxylin (plant); chelerythrine, magnoflorine, nitidine, xanthyletin (bark); skimmianine (Bl).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories






Product Categories
Berberine 633-65-8 Not Available C20H18NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Candicine 6656-13-9 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)e
C11H18NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Xanthoxylin Not Available 1-(2-hydroxy-4,6-dim
C10H12O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Chelerythrine 34316-15-9 Not Available C21H18NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Magnoflorine 6681-18-1 Not Available C20H24NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Nitidine Not Available Not Available C21H18NO4+
Skimmianine 83-95-4 Not available C14H13NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Xanthyletin 553-19-5 Not Available C14H12O3 Click Here To Enlarge


Medicinal Use

Used in the treatment of arthritic and rheumatic conditions, digestive problems and leg ulcers (bark and roots); to ease the pain of toothache (pulverized root and bark); chewed to induce salivation (bark); in the treatment of rheumatism, dyspepsia, dysentery, heart and kidney troubles (tea or tincture of the bark); to treat itchy skin (a tea made from the inner bark); in the treatment of fevers, ague, poor circulation etc and as an useful tonic in debilitated conditions of the stomach and digestive organs (fruits).



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