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Home » Raw Herbs » Roots

Rumex crispus  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Rumex crispus L.

English Name

:

Curly dock, Curled dock, Yellow dock

Synonym(s)

:

Rumex elongatus Guss.

Family

:

Polygonaceae

 

General Info

Description

A perennial herb, 30—150 cm tall, sparingly branched, stem reddish, taproot carrot-like, 20—30(—150) cm long. Leaves simple, basal or cauline, alternate, opposite, or whorled, generally entire; stipules 0 or obvious and fused into a generally scarious sheath around stem. Inflorescence small cluster, axillary or arrayed in cymes or panicles; involucres sometimes subtending 1–many flowers; flower generally bisexual, small, ± radial; perianth generally 5–6-lobed, base ± tapered, often jointed to pedicel; stamens 2–9, often in 2 whorls; ovary superior, styles generally 3, generally fused at base. Fruit achene, generally enclosed by persistent perianth, generally 3-angled, ovoid, and glabrous.

Herb Effects

Acts as a gentle and safe laxative (plant); alterative, antiscorbutic, astringent, cholagogue, depurative, laxative and mildly tonic (root)

Links

Plants For A Future
PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ascorbic acid, avicularin, beta-carotene, hyperoside, niacin, quercetin, quercitrin, riboflavin, rutin, thiamin (leaf); rumicin (plant); chrysophanic acid, emodin, erucic acid, nepodin, oxalic acid, physcion, tannin (root).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Avicularin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-5,7-dihydroxy-3-
(4,5,6-trihydroxyoxa
n-3-yl)oxy -chroman
-4-one
C20H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Hyperoside 482-36-0 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-chromen-7
-one
C21H20O12 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercitrin 6151-25-3 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
(3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
methyl-oxa n-2-yl)o
xy-chromen-7-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Rumicin Not Available Not Available Not Available
Chrysophanic acid Not Available 1,8-dihydroxy-3-meth
yl-anthracene-9,10-d
ione
C15H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Emodin Not Available 1,3,8-trihydroxy-6-m
ethyl-anthracene-9,1
0-dione
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Erucic acid 1072-39-5 docos-13-enoic acid C22H42O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Nepodin Not Available 1-(1,8-dihydroxy-3-m
ethyl-naphthalen-2-y
l)ethanone
C13H12O3
Oxalic acid 553-91-3 Oxalic acid C2H2O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Physcion 521-61-9 1,8-dihydroxy-3-meth
oxy-6-methyl-anthrac
ene-9,10-dione
C16H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Taken for fever (plant); a vapour bath of the leaves is used to relieve the eyes; used internally in the treatment of constipation, diarrhoea, piles, bleeding of the lungs, various blood complaints and also chronic skin diseases, and externally, mashed and used as a poultice and salve, or dried and used as a dusting powder, on sores, ulcers, wounds and various other skin problems (root); used in the treatment of diarrhoea (seed).

Contraindication

People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet since it can aggravate their condition.

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