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Home » Plant infomation

Cocculus hirsutus  (L.) DIELS

   

Botanical Name

:

Cocculus hirsutus (L.) DIELS

Synonym(s)

:

Cocculus villosus DC., Cocculus sepium Coleb., Cocculus hastatus DC., Menispermum hirsutum L., Holopeira villosa Miers., Cebatha hirsuta.

Family

:

Menispermaceae

 

General Info

Description

A straggling, scandent shrub. Leaves ovate to triangular in shape, apiculate or truncate at the base, softly villous aw both the sides; glabrous; petioles 3 mm long. Flowers small at leaf joints, green petals; Male flowers in small axillary cymose panicles; pedicels slender; bracts minute; sepals oblongovate; petals membranous, emarginate, embracing the stamens. Female flowers in axillary clusters, rarely racemose. Fruits drupe, spherical, transversely rugose.

Herb Effects

The root is used as a mild laxative, sudorific and antipyretic. Alleviates spasms, anticonvulsant, lowers blood pressure, sedative, slows heartbeat and cardiotonic (root and stem); diuretic (aerial part); reduces fever and expectorant (root).

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ginnol, beta-sitosterol and a monomethyl ether of insitol (plant); cyclopeptide alkanoids (stem).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ginnol 2606-50-0 nonacosan-10-ol C29H60O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Gonorrhea (leaf and root); eczema (leaf); as a refrigerant, gentle laxative, and as an alterative for treating chronic rheumatism and venereal diseases.

Reference

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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