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Home » Raw Herbs » Leaves

Passiflora incarnata  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Passiflora incarnata L.

English Name

:

Maypops, Apricot vine, Purple passionflower

Family

:

Passifloraceae

 

General Info

Description

A climbing vine, 7—10 m long. Leaves alternate, 3-lobed, serrulate, petiolate, to +15cm long, +13cm wide, glabrous. Petioles with two glands near base of leaf blade. Flowers are typically 6-7cm broad, purplish-white in colour, with a terminal appendage. Fruit an ovoid berry, about 5 cm long, yellow.

Herb Effects

A valuable non-addictive sedative and tranquilliser, slightly reduces blood pressure and increases respiratory rate (plant); antispasmodic, astringent, diaphoretic, hypnotic, narcotic, sedative and vasodilator (leaves and stems).

Links

Plant For A Future
PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Apigenin, harmaline, harmalol, harmol, isoorientin, isovitexin, kaempferol, luteolin, orientin, raffinose, rutin, stigmasterol, sucrose, vitexin (plant); glutamine, phenylalanine (fruit); harmine (shoot); quercetin, umbelliferone, valine (leaf); scopoletin, tyrosine (root).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Apigenin 520-36-5 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Harmaline 304-21-2 Not Available C13H14N2O Click Here To Enlarge
Harmalol Not Available Not Available C12H12N2O Click Here To Enlarge
Harmol Not Available Not Available C12H10N2O
Isoorientin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,7-dihydroxy-8-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)tet
rahydropyran-2-yl]-c
hromen-5-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Luteolin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-ch
romen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Orientin 28608-75-5 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,7-dihydroxy-8-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]-chromen-5-on
e
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Raffinose Not Available (2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-[
[(2R,3R,4S,5R,6R)-6-
[(2S,3S,4R,5R)-3,4-d
ihydroxy-2 ,5-bis(h
ydroxymethyl)oxolan-
2-yl]oxy-3,4,5-trihy
droxy-oxan-2-yl]meth
ox y]-6-(hydroxymet
hyl)oxane-3,4,5-trio
l
C18H32O16 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Sucrose Not Available 2-[3,4-dihydroxy-2,5
-bis(hydroxymethyl)o
xolan-2-yl]oxy-6-(hy
droxymethy l)oxane-
3,4,5-triol
C12H22O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Vitexin 521-33-5 4,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-8-[3,4
,5-trihydroxy-6-(hyd
roxymethyl )oxan-2-
yl]-chromen-5-one
C21H20O10 Click Here To Enlarge
Glutamine 6899-04-3 2-amino-4-carbamoyl-
butanoic acid
C5H10N2O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Phenylalanine 3617-44-5 2-amino-3-phenyl-pro
panoic acid
C9H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Harmine 442-51-3 Not Available C13H12N2O Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Umbelliferone 93-35-6 2-hydroxychromen-7-o
ne
C9H6O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Valine 7004-03-7 2-amino-3-methyl-but
anoic acid
C5H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Scopoletin 92-61-5 2-hydroxy-6-methoxy-
chromen-7-one
C10H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Tyrosine 556-02-5 2-amino-3-(4-hydroxy
phenyl)-propanoic
acid
C9H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Used in the treatment of insomnia, epilepsy, hysteria, nervous tension, irritability, neuralgia, irritable bowel syndrome, pre-menstrual tension and vaginal discharges (plant); in the treatment of women's complaints (leaves and stems); applied as a poultice to boils, cuts, earaches, inflammations etc. (roots).

Contraindication

Contraindicated in pregnancy.

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