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Home » Plant infomation

Costus speciosus  (KOEN. EX RETZ.) SM.

   

Botanical Name

:

Costus speciosus (KOEN. EX RETZ.) SM.

English Name

:

Wild Ginger

Synonym(s)

:

Banksea speciosa J. Koening, Costus speciosus var. nepalensis (Rosc.) Baker

Family

:

Zingiberaceae

 

General Info

Description

Succulent perennial herb with long leafy spirally twisted stems, 2-3 m high and horizontal rhizomes; leaves simple, spirally arranged, ob­lanceolate or oblong, glabrous above, silky pubescent beneath with broad leaf sheaths; flowers white, large, scented, in large terminal spikes; bracts bright red; fruits globose / ovoid capsules; seeds obovoid or semi­globose.

Herb Effects

Rhizome is bitter, astringent, acrid, cooling, purgative, aphrodisiac, anthelmintic, depurative, febrifuge, expectorant, tonicanthelmintic, antiinflammatory, stimulant, antifertility and anticholinesterase activity; alleviates spasms and lowers blood pressure (seed); astringent (root).

Links

Costus speciosus
PIER

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Saponins, aliphatic esters and acids (seed. rhizome and root); sitosterol, diosgenin, beta-sitosterol-beta-D-glucoside, gracillin, dioscin and quinones (root and tuber).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Diosgenin 512-04-9 Not Available C27H42O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Gracillin 19083-00-2 Not Available C45H72O17 Click Here To Enlarge
Dioscin 60478-68-4 Not Available C45H72O16 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In gout; as an antiinflammatory, stimulant and anthelmintic (rhizome); also beneficial in asthma, anaemia, bronchitis, leprosy, flatulence, constipation, fever, skin diseases and inflammation. It is also used for carcino­genic tumours.

Reference

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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