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Home » Plant infomation

Lantana camara  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Lantana camara L.

English Name

:

Sage, Wild sage

Synonym(s)

:

Lantana aculeata L.

Family

:

Verbenaceae

 

General Info

Description

An erect or subscandent much-branched shrub, up to 5 m tall, stems square or 3-angled, often bearing hooked prickles, highly aromatic. Leaves opposite or rarely in whorls of 3, ovate to oblong-ovate, 5-8 cm x 3-5.5 cm, petiole 1.5-3 cm long. Inflorescence flat or hemispherical subcapitate; flowers with corolla tube extending to 12 mm long during anthesis, often slightly curved, orange-yellow or orange to pink, white, or variegated, changing to red or scarlet. Fruit a globose glossy drupe, deep blue when ripe.

Herb Effects

As a febrifuge, diaphoretic and stimulant (decoction of the leaves and flowers)

Links

PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alpha-amyrin (plant); alpha-pinene, cadinene, cadinol, caryophyllene, citral, dipentene, eugenol, farnesol, furfural, gamma-terpinene, geraniol, icterogenin, p-cymene, tannin, terpineol (leaf); beta-sitosterol (seed and shoot); lignin (stem).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Alpha amyrin 638-95-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,1
4b-octamethyl-2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
12a,14,14a -tetrade
cahydro-1H-picen-3-o
l
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16
Cadinene 29350-73-0 1,6-dimethyl-4-propa
n-2-yl-1,2,3,4,4a,5,
6,8a-octahydronaphth
alene
C15H26 Click Here To Enlarge
Cadinol Not Available (1R,4S)-1,6-dimethyl
-4-propan-2-yl-3,4,4
a,7,8,8a-hexahydro-2
H-naphthal en-1-ol
C15H26O
Caryophyllene 87-44-5 4,11,11-trimethyl-8-
methylidene-bicyclo[
7.2.0]undec-4-ene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Citral 96680-15-8 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienal
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Dipentene 8050-32-6 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Eugenol 97-53-0 2-methoxy-4-prop-2-e
nyl-phenol
C10H12O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Farnesol Not Available 3,7,11-trimethyldode
ca-2,6,10-trien-1-ol
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
Furfural Not Available furan-2-carbaldehyde C5H4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
gamma-Terpinene 99-85-4 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,4-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Geraniol 8007-13-4 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dien-1-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Icterogenin 561-47-7 (4R,4aS,6aS,6aS,6bR,
9S,12aR,14bS)-9-(hyd
roxymethyl)-2,2,6a,6
b,9,12a-he xamethyl
-4-[(E)-2-methylbut-
2-enoyl]oxy-10-oxo-3
,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,11,
12 ,13,14b-dodecahy
dro-1H-picene-4a-car
boxylic acid
C35H52O6
p-Cymene Not Available dichlororuthenium;
1-methyl-5,6-dihydro
-4H-pyrimidine;
p-cymene
C15H24Cl2N2Ru Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Terpineol 8006-39-1 2-(4-methyl-1-cycloh
ex-3-enyl)propan-2-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Lignin Not Available Not Available Not Available

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The leaves and sometimes the wet, ground roots are applied to cuts, ulcers, swellings and to treat rheumatism. A decoction of the leaves and flowers is used to treat constipation, catarrh and bronchitis. A decoction of the roots is used to treat toothache, headache, inflammation, gonorrhoea and leucorrhoea.

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