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Home » Raw Herbs » Bark

Holarrhena antidysenterica  (L.) Wall.

   

Botanical Name

:

Holarrhena antidysenterica (L.) Wall.

English Name

:

Tellicherry Bark and Coneru

Synonym(s)

:

Holarrhena pubescens (BUCH.-HAM.) WALLICH EX DO. , Echites pubescens Buch.-Ham.

Family

:

Apocynaceae

 

General Info

Description

Deciduous tree or large shrub; leaves sessile or subsessile, broadly ovate to elliptic-oblong, abruptly acuminate, often unequal, rounded or obtuse at base, lateral nerves 10 to 15 pairs, arching near the margin; flowers white, bracts small, follicles 20 to 42 by 0.8 to 1.2 cm; seeds up to 1 cm long, linear-oblong, coma about twice as long as seeds, seeds brown.

Herb Effects

Acrid, antidysenteric, anthelmintic, astringent, reduces fever, tonic and increases the secretion of gastric juices (bark); slows down the growth of certain bacteria related to tuberculosis (conessine in bark) antiperiodic, aphrodisiac, bitter, carminative, expectorant, febrifuge.

Links

Herbal Monograph

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Conessine, connessimine, conkurchine, kurchine, holarrhinene, conarrhinine and isoconcessimine (bark alkaloids).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Conessine Not Available Not Available C24H40N2 Click Here To Enlarge
Kurchine 468-36-0 Not Available C23H38N2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In dysentery and diarrhea (especially that which is caused by an amoeba) (bark and seed); in jaundice and stones within the bladder, to treat fever, bleeding piles, leprosy and skin diseases, cough, calculi, gravels, wound and diabetes. Bark-powder is used in abdominal and glandular tumours. Fruit has anticancer, anti protozoa, hypoglycaemic, astringent and febrifuge properties.

Contraindication

Do not take during pregnancy

Reference

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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