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Home » Raw Herbs » Fruits

Cassia occidentalis  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Cassia occidentalis L.

English Name

:

The Negro Coffee

Synonym(s)

:

Senna occidentalis (L.) Link.

Family

:

Caesalpiniaceae

 

General Info

Description

Cassia occidentalis is an erect, annual herb or undershrub. The leaves are lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, the leaflets, 3-paired, membranous, glaucous, ovate or lanceolate; the flowers, yellow, in short racemes; the pods, recurved, glabrous and compressed; the seeds, dark olive green, ovoid, compressed, hard, smooth and shining.

Herb Effects

Antibacterial (root, seed and leaf); diuretic (root), bitter and has tonic, febrifugal and purgative properties (seed); antiinflammatory and hepatoprotective (Jafri).

Links

Tropical Plant Database
Coffee senna

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Cassiolin, emodin, physcion, sitosterol and chrysophanol (plant); dihydroxy-anthraquinone and phytosterolin (seed); quercetin, phytosterol, xanthorin and anthraquinones (root); mattucinol and jaceidin-7-rhamnoside (leaf).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Emodin Not Available 1,3,8-trihydroxy-6-m
ethyl-anthracene-9,1
0-dione
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Physcion 521-61-9 1,8-dihydroxy-3-meth
oxy-6-methyl-anthrac
ene-9,10-dione
C16H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Chrysophanol 481-74-3 1,8-dihydroxy-3-meth
yl-anthracene-9,10-d
ione
C15H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Phytosterol 83-46-5 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Snakebite antidote (root); skin diseases (seed and leaf); digestive problems such as constipation, indigestion, gastric pains in children; in cough, asthma and whooping cough, convulsions and in heart diseases (seeds).

Contraindication

Fedegoso leaf extracts have demonstrated weak uterine stimulant activity and smooth-muscle relaxant actions in rats. As such, the use of this plant is contraindicated during pregnancy. May speed the clearance of some drugs in the liver (thereby reducing their effect). It is mildly hypotensive (lowers blood pressure).

Reference

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

The Himalaya Drug Company.

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