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Home » Plant infomation

Gmelina philippensis  Cham.


Botanical Name


Gmelina philippensis Cham.

English Name


Wild sage, Parrot's beak



Gmelina asiatica sensu Blanco, Gmelina hystrix Schult. ex Kurz, Gmelina asiatica L. var. philippinensis (Cham.) Bakh.





General Info


An evergreen, moderately sized, straggling or scandent shrub or tree up to 7 m tall, usually spiny, bark yellowish, ultimate branches divaricate, drooping or subscandent. Leaves mostly anisophyllous, ovate or elliptical to obovate, entire or distantly toothed to slightly few-lobed, 1.5—10 cm x 1.5—6 cm, base cuneate, apex obtuse, subacute or cuneate, glabrous and shiny above, pale and often glaucous below. Raceme terminal, 10—20 cm long, bracts large, foliaceous, conspicuous, green, yellow, purple or red. Flowers pendulous, calyx with 2—4 glands outside, corolla inflated upwards, 4.5—5.5 cm long, yellow, moderately densely pubescent or glabrous. Drupe obovoid, about 1.2 cm long, yellow.

Herb Effects

Stimulant and resolvent (root extract); purgative (root juice)


PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation



Medicinal Use

Applied to eczema of the feet (fruit juice); applied as a poultice to the throat as a remedy for cough (fruit pounded with lime); in treating fatigue (juice of the root); in treating diseases of the joints and nerves (root extract).



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