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Home » Plant infomation

Coix lacryma-jobi  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Coix lacryma-jobi L.

English Name

:

Job's tears, Adlay

Synonym(s)

:

Coix lacryma L., Coix agrestis Lour., Coix arundinacea Lamk

Family

:

Poaceae

 

General Info

Description

An erect, perennial herb, strongly tillering, monoecious grass, often cultivated as an annual, up to 3 m tall. Culm filled with pith, glabrous, sometimes pruinose, branched in the upper part. Leaves large and sheathed; sheath short, glabrous or with long hairs at the apex; ligule short and membranous; auricles absent; blade linear to ovate-lanceolate, 8- 100 cm x 1.5-5 cm, base rounded to almost cordate, apex acute, midrib prominent, margins rough, smooth or scabrid above. Inflorescence in axil of upper leaves, solitary or 2-7-fascicled, on peduncle 3-6 cm long; at the end of the peduncle a hollow, bony, globular to ovoid-elliptical cupule (a modified leaf-sheath), 5-15 mm long, shiny, white or blueish, comprising 2 racemes; female raceme enclosed by the cupule and consisting of a sessile spikelet accompanied by 2 barren pedicels; spikelet with 1 pistillate floret of which the 2 stigmas exsert from the mouth of the cupule; male raceme 3-5 cm long, exserted from the mouth of the cupule, with about 10 imbricate spikelets borne in pairs or threes, one pedicelled, the other(s) sessile; spikelet lanceolate to ellipsoid, 7-8 mm long, falling at maturity, containing 1-2 staminate florets, each with a lemma, a smaller palea and 3 stamens. False fruit (the cupule) variable in size, shape, colour and hardness, usually 8-12 mm long, grey, yellow-brown or purplish, soft or hard, containing the caryopsis. Caryopsis dark red in hard- shelled forms, pale brown in soft-shelled edible forms.

Herb Effects

Anodyne, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, hypoglycaemic, hypotensive, sedative and vermifuge (fruits); antitumor (plant); antirheumatic, diuretic, pectoral, refrigerant and tonic (seed without husk); anthelmintic (decoction of the roots).

Links

Plants For A Future
PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, campesterol, coixenolide, linoleic acid, niacin, riboflavin, stigmasterol, thiamin (seed); beta-sitosterol, coixol, palmitic acid, stearic acid (root).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta Carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Campesterol 474-62-4 17-(5,6-dimethylhept
an-2-yl)-10,13-dimet
hyl-2,3,4,7,8,9,11,1
2,14,15,16 ,17-dode
cahydro-1H-cyclopent
a[a]phenanthren-3-ol
C28H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Coixenolide Not Available 3-[(Z)-hexadec-9-eno
yl]oxybutan-2-yl
(E)-octadec-11-enoat
e
C38H70O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Coixol Not Available 6-methoxy-3H-benzoox
azol-2-one
C8H7NO3
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Used for abdominal tumours, oesophageal, gastrointestinal, and lung cancers, various tumours, as well as excrescences, warts, and whitlows (fruits); for the treatment to cure warts and in the treatment of lung abscess, lobar pneumonia, appendicitis, rheumatoid arthritis, beriberi, diarrhoea, oedema and difficult urination (tea from the boiled seeds); in the treatment of menstrual disorders and gonorrhoea (roots).

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