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Home » Plant infomation

Capparis decidua  (Forsk.) Edgew.

   

Botanical Name

:

Capparis decidua (Forsk.) Edgew.

English Name

:

Capper plant

Synonym(s)

:

Capparis aphylla Hayne ex Roth., Capparis sodada R. Br., Sodada decidua Forsskal.

Family

:

Capparaceae

 

General Info

Description

Shrub with a smooth exterior. Bark is gray, rough and corky, covered with straight or recurved, 3-7 mm long, paired thorns; leaves are only on young branches, caducous, linear, 1-2 cm long, apex short, stiff, pale mucro-like prickle; flowers are red or pink, rarely yellow, in lateral corymbs; berries are globose or ovoid, 1-2 cm in diameter, dull red; seeds are globose, 2-5 mm in diameter.

Herb Effects

Astringent (root bark); laxative and stimulant (plant); antibacterial (seed).

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Capparine, capparinine and cappariline (bark); polyphenols (plant); glucocapparin (seed).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Glucocapparin 497-77-8 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
hydroxymethyl)-6-(1-
sulfonatooxyiminoeth
ylsulfanyl )oxane
C8H14NO9S2- Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Useful in cough, asthma and inflammations (root bark); as a poultice on boils and swellings, to relieve toothache (tender leaves); in remittent fevers and rheumatism (stem bark); to animals for stomach disturbances (decoction of ariel parts).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Yadav P. Sarkar S. Bhatnagar D. Action of Capparis decidua against alloxan-induced oxidative stress and diabetes in rat tissues. Pharmacol Res1997 Sep;36(3):221-8.

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