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Home » Plant infomation

Caesalpinia crista  Linn.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Caesalpinia crista Linn.

English Name

:

Fever nut

Synonym(s)

:

Caesalpinia nuga Ait. Caesalpinia kwangtungensis Merr., Caesalpinia szechuenensis Craib,

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

A large, woody climber, up to 15 m in height. Bark black, branchlets glossy, black, more or less armed with recurved prickles; leaves large, bipinnate, armed with recurved prickles at the base of pinnae; pinnae 2-5 pairs, often armed; leaflets 2-3 pairs, coriaceous, acute or obtuse, ovate or elliptic, upper surface shining, lower dull; flowers fragrant, yellow, in axillary and terminal racemes combined into a 20-40 cm long panicle, bracts caducous; pods greenish brown or dark brown to black, 5 cm long, usually one-seeded; seeds black, orbicular to ovoid or reniform, flat, beaked.

Herb Effects

Anthelmintic and antiascarid, diuretic (root); emollient and febrifuge (seed); anthelmintic (leaves and bark)

Links

Philiphine Medicinal Plants

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Palmitic, stearic, oleic, and linoleic acids, sitosterol.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 Octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Uterine tonic after child-birth (powdered leaves); in eye diseases (stem and roasted fruits); to cure liver disorders (powdered seeds with sugar and goat's milk); as tonic in intermittent fevers, asthma and colic (kernals)

Reference

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.


Javed I. Akhtar MS. Rahman ZU. Khaliq T. Ahmad M. Comparative anthelminthic efficacy and safety of Caesalpinia crista seed and piperazine adipate in chickens with artificially induced Ascaridia galli infection.

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