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Home » Plant infomation

Jateorhiza palmata  (Lam.) Miers


Botanical Name


Jateorhiza palmata (Lam.) Miers

English Name





Cocculus palmatus DC, Jateorhiza calumba Miers., J. miersii Oliv., Menispermum palmatum Lam.





General Info


A climbing plant, with a perennial root. The leaves are alternate and large; the younger ones thin, pellucid, bright-green, generally 3-lobed, and upward gradually more numerous; the older ones remote, a span in breadth, nearly orbicular, deeply cordate, 5 to 7-lobed, the lobes entire, often deflexed, wavy on the surface and margin, dark-green above, paler beneath; hairy on both sides; the nerves, according to the number of lobes, are 3, 7, or 9, pale, connected by veins which, in themselves, are reticulated and are prominent beneath. The petioles are about as long as the leaves, rounded, glanduloso-pilose, and thickened below. The flowers are small, indistinct, arranged in the male plant in solitary, axillary, drooping, compound racemes, covered with glandular hairs, and with small, caducous bracts at the base; in the female they are also axillary, solitary, simple, spreading, but shorter than those of the male. Sepals 6, glabrous; petals 6, in a single row; stamens 6; anthers terminal and 4-celled. The fruit is drupaceous, or berried, about the size of a hazel-nut, densely clothed with long, spreading hairs, and tipped with a black, oblong gland. The seeds are black, striated transversely, and subreniform.

Herb Effects

Anthelminthic, antiseptic, bitter, emetic, gastrotonic, hypotensive, laxative, narcotic, stomachic, tonic.


Tropical Plant Database
The Eclectic Materia Medica, Pharmacology and Therapeutics
King's American Dispensatory


Active Ingredients

Calumbamine, diosgenin, jateorrhizine, palmatine, tannin (root); thymol (essential oil).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories






Product Categories
Diosgenin 512-04-9 Not Available C27H42O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Jateorrhizine 3621-38-3 Not Available C20H20NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Palmatine 4880-79-9 Not Available C21H22NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Thymol 89-83-8 5-methyl-2-propan-2-
C10H14O Click Here To Enlarge


Medicinal Use

For poor digestion, low stomach acid, diarrhea, gas, loss of appetite (root); in dyspepsia, chronic diarrhoea, and dysentery, in convalescence from febrile and inflammatory diseases, hectic fever, in the muscular debility of young children



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