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Home » Plant infomation

Antidesma bunius  (L.) Spreng.


Botanical Name


Antidesma bunius (L.) Spreng.

English Name


Bignay, Chinese laurel, Salamander tree



Stilago bunius L., Antidesma rumphii Tulasne, Antidesma dallachyanum Baillon





General Info


A medium sized tree growing up to 20-40ft. Leaves are evergreen, alternate, oblong, pointed, 10-22.5 cm long, 5-7.5 cm wide, dark-green, glossy, leathery, with very short petioles. Flowers are tiny, odorous, reddish, male and female on separate trees, the male in axillary or terminal spikes, the female in terminal racemes 7.5-20 cm long. Fruits are round or ovoid, up to 8 mm across, borne in grape-like pendent clusters (often paired) and which are extremely showy because the berries ripen unevenly.

Herb Effects

Sudorific (leaves); astringent and styptic (bark); vulnerary (aerial rootlets decoction)


AgroForestryTree Database
PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation
ASEAN Regional Centre for Biodiversity Conservation (ARCBC)



Medicinal Use

Used for treating snakebite and are boiled with pot-herbs to cure syphilitic affections (leaves); to treat hypertension, heart ache, anemia, gonorrhea and syphilis (leaves and fruits).



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