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Home » Raw Herbs » Stem

Cissus quadrangularis  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Cissus quadrangularis L.

English Name

:

Adament Creeper

Synonym(s)

:

Cissus edulis Dalz., Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wight, Cissus bifida

Family

:

Vitaceae

 

General Info

Description

A succulent, glabrous, deciduous climber up to 8 m long, quadrangular 4-winged, dichotomously branched; tendrils long, slender, simple. Leaves simple, alternate, thick coriaceous, broadly ovate or reniform, apex rounded, base cuneate, margins crenate-serrate; petioles 6 to 12 mm long; stipules small, broadly ovate; tendrils simple, leaf-opposed. Flowers small, greenish-white, borne in shortly pedunculate, leaf opposed cymes with umbellate branches; calyx cup-shaped, truncate; petals 4, ovate-oblong, acute 3 mm long, hooded at apex. Fruit berry, globose or obovoid, succulent, apiculate, very acrid, red when ripe. Seed 1.

Herb Effects

Analgesic and stimulates the cardiovascular system (aerial part); diuretic and stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth (stem).

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Phytogenic steroids, sitosterol, ketosteroids, S-amyrone, S-amyrin and triterpenoids (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Bone healing (plant and stem); asthma (stem); stimulating gastric acid secretion (young shoots and leaf); irregular menstruation, dyspepsia, indigestion, piles, worms, gout, syphilis, venereal diseases, leucorrhoea and anorexia.

Reference

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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