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Home » Plant infomation

Adansonia digitata  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Adansonia digitata L.

English Name

:

Baobab, Cream of Tartar tree, Monkey-bread tree, Lemonade tree

Family

:

Malvaceae

 

General Info

Description

A thornless, deciduous, very peculiar tree, up to 18 m tall, trunk short, bulging, bottle-shaped. Stem is covered with a bark layer, which may be 50-100 mm thick. Bark is greyish brown and normally smooth but can often be variously folded and seamed from years of growth. Leaves are hand-sized and divided into 5-7 finger-like leaflets. Flowers are large and pendulous and up to 200 mm in diameter; they emerge in the late afternoon from large round buds on long drooping stalks and pollination by fruit bats takes place at night. Fruits are large, egg-shaped capsule (often >120 mm), covered with a yellowish brown hairs. Seeds are hard, black and kidney-shaped.

Herb Effects

Used as expectorant and astringent and has antihistaminic properties (leaves); as a febrifuge, anti-dysenteric, antimycotic, antiviral and antimicrobial (fruits)

Links

S A National Biodiversity Institute
International Livestock Research Institute
PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Betulinic acid (bark); ascorbic acid (fruits); tannin, potassium tartrate and catechin (leaves)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Betulinic Acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Catechin 5323-80-8 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)chroman-3,5,7-tri
ol
C15H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Potassium tartrate 921-53-9 dipotassium
(2R,3R)-2,3-dihydrox
ybutanedioate
C4H4K2O6

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For treating sickle cell anaemia (aqueous extract of the bark); used to treat fevers, to check excessive perspiration, to treat kidney and bladder diseases, asthma, general fatigue, diarrhoea, inflammations, insect bites and guinea worm disease (leaves); used to bath babies in order to promote a smooth skin (infusion of the roots); in the treatment of smallpox and measles as an eye instillation and also used as an antidote to strophanthus poisoning (fruits); to treat amenorrhoea (husk of fruits); applied as a paste to diseased teeth and gums (crushed seeds).

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