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Home » Plant infomation

Calotropis procera  R.BR.

   

Botanical Name

:

Calotropis procera R.BR.

English Name

:

Swallow Wart, Milkweed, Dead Sea Apple and Sodom Apple

Synonym(s)

:

Calotropis hamiltonii Wight., Asclepias procera Willd.

Family

:

Asclepiadaceae

 

General Info

Description

Erect, tall, large, much branched and perennial shrubs or small trees that grow to a height of 5.4 m., with milky latex throughout. Bark is soft and corky. Branches stout, terete with fine appressed cottony pubescence (especially on young). Leaves sub-sessile, opposite, decusate, broadly ovate-oblong, elliptic or obovate, acute, thick, glaucous, green, covered with fine cottony pubescent hair on young but glabrous later and base cordate. Flowers in umbellate-cymes and tomentose on young. Calyx glabrous, ovate and acute. Corolla glabrous, lobes errect, ovate, acute, coronal scales 5-6, latterly compressed and equally of exceeding the staminal column. Folicles are sub-globose or ellipsoid or ovoid. Seeds broadly ovate, acute, flattened, minutely tomentose, brown coloured and silky coma is 3.2 cm long.

Herb Effects

Expectorant, stimulant and diaphoretic (root bark); anticancer and stimulates the cardiovascular system and respiration (root and leaf); induces vomiting (in large doses); tonic, appetiser, stomachic (flower).

Links

PIER

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Taraxasterol and its y-isomer, taraxasteryl isovalerate, taraxasteryl acetate, giganteol, gigantin, isogiganteol and a wax (root bark); calotoxin, uscharidin and uscharin (plant and latex); alpha and beta-amyrin and beta-sitosterol (root bark and plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Taraxasteryl acetate 6426-43-3 (4,4,6a,6b,8a,12,14b
-heptamethyl-11-meth
ylidene-1,2,3,4a,5,6
,6a,7,8,9, 10,12,12
a,13,14,14a-hexadeca
hydropicen-3-yl)
acetate
C32H52O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Calotoxin 20304-49-8 Not Available C29H40O10 Click Here To Enlarge
Uscharidin 24321-47-9 Not Available C29H38O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Taraxasterol 1059-14-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,12,14b-
heptamethyl-11-methy
lidene-1,2,3,4a,5,6,
6a,7,8,9,1 0,12,12a
,13,14,14a-hexadecah
ydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Calotoxin 20304-49-8 Not Available C29H40O10 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Amyrin 638-95-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,1
4b-octamethyl-2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
12a,14,14a -tetrade
cahydro-1H-picen-3-o
l
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Dysentery, diarrhea, indigestion, reducing fever, leprosy, skin diseases and eczema (root bark); cough, cold and asthma (flower and root bark); toothache (latex); rheumatism and syphilis; to relieve stomach pain (leaves); cures piles, asthma, cholera and wounds (flowers).

Contraindication

Large doses cause vomiting and diarrhoea.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

The Himalaya Drug Company.

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