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Home » Raw Herbs

Toddalia asiatica  (L.) Lamk.

   

Botanical Name

:

Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lamk.

English Name

:

Lopez root, orange climber

Synonym(s)

:

Toddalia aculeata Pers., Paullinia asiatica L.

Family

:

Rutaceae

 

General Info

Description

A massive climber up to 20m long. Stem scrambling by the sharp, recurved prickles; main stems are 10–15cm in diameter and young stems are spiny, 4–8mm in diameter, and fissured longitudinally. Leaves are spiral, exstipulate, and 3-foliolate. Petioles are 2.5–4cm long. Folioles are glossy, very dark green above, 6cm × 2.5cm – 7.3cm × 3cm – 6.5cm × 3cm – 7cm × 3cm – 6cm × 2.1cm, gland-dotted, with intramarginal nerves and several pairs of secondary nerves. Flowers are yellow with a gray gynaecium. Fruits are 7mm × 1cm.

Herb Effects

As a bitter tonic and antipyretic (decoction of the bark)

Links

PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Isopimpinellin, coumarin, chelerythrine, dictamine, 4-methoxy-1-methyl-2-quinolone and haplopine (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Isopimpinellin 482-27-9 Not Available C13H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Coumarin 60094-90-8 6-(1,2-dihydroxy-3-m
ethyl-but-3-enyl)-7-
methoxy-chromen-2-on
e
C15H16O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Dictamine 484-29-7 Not Available C12H9NO2
4-Methoxy-1-methyl-2-quinolone Not Available 4-methoxy-1-methyl-q
uinolin-2-one
C11H11NO2
Haplopine 5876-17-5 Not Available C13H11NO4
Chelerythrine 34316-15-9 Not Available C21H18NO4+

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Used to treat diarrhea, to invigorate and to relieve the exhaustion of malarial fever (roots); to promote digestion and to treat lung troubles (leaves); to treat rheumatism and intestinal troubles (fruits).

Reference

Christophe Wiart. Medicinal Plants of Asia and the Pacific, P:225-226, CRC Press, June 2006.


Hao, X. Y., Peng, L., Ye, L., Huang, N. H., and Shen, Y. M. 2004. A study on anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of alkaloids of Toddalia asiatica. Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao, 2, 450.

Guo, S., Li, S., Peng, Z., and Ren, X. 1998. Isolation and identification of active constituent of Toddalia asiatica in cardiovascular system. Zhong Yao Cai, 21, 515.

Oketch-Rabah, H. A., Mwangi, J.W., Lisgarten, J., and Mberu, E. K. 2000. A new antiplasmodial coumarin from Toddalia asiatica roots. Fitoter., 71, 636.

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