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Home » Plant infomation

Xylocarpus moluccensis  (Lam.) M. Roem.


Botanical Name


Xylocarpus moluccensis (Lam.) M. Roem.

English Name


Puzzlenut, cedar mangrove



Carapa moluccensis Lamk. Carapa obovata sensu Ridl. non Bl.





General Info


A tree that grows to a height of 18m with a girth of 2m. Stems are glabrous, lenticelled, and 5mm in diameter. Folioles are broadly elliptical, pointed at the apex, 7.6cm × 2.2–9cm × 4cm, showing nine pairs of secondary nerves. Rachis is 15–20cm long × 2mm. Petiolules are 4mm. Fruits are 4.9cm in diameter, green, woody, and contain 5–20 large tetrahedral seeds.

Herb Effects

As tonic (fruit), antidiarrheal and antibacterial (bark)



Medicinal Use

Used to treat cholera (roots); to stop dysentery (bark); to treat diarrhea and externally to soothe inflammation (fruit).


Christophe Wiart. Medicinal Plants of Asia and the Pacific, P:207-208, CRC Press, June 2006



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