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Home » Raw Herbs » Bark

Juglans regia  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Juglans regia L.

English Name

:

Walnut

Synonym(s)

:

Juglans duclouxiana Dode, Juglans fallax Dode, Juglans kamaonica (C. DC.) Dode, Juglans orientis Dode, Juglans regia subsp. kamaonica (C. DC.) Mansf., Juglans regia var. orientis (Dode) Kitam., Juglans regia var. sinensis C. DC., Juglans sinensis (C. DC.) Dode

Family

:

Juglandaceae

 

General Info

Description

A medium to large tree (upto 100 ft) with spreading crown. Leaves are odd-pinnately compound with prominent, hering-bone venation in the ovate, acute-tipped leaflets;entire margins. All Juglans spp. are monoecious, bearing male and female reproductive organs on separate flowers on the same tree. Although J. regia is self-fertile, it is heterodichogamous, either protandrous or protogynous depending on cultivar. Catkins ( inflorescences) are borne laterally on 1-yr wood, and pistillate flowers are borne terminally in spikes of typically 2 to 4 flowers. Fruit (nut) green, fleshy, shuck covers the nut until maturity, when it dehisces irregularly, releasing the nut. There are fewer nuts per cluster, but more nut clusters compared to pecan.

Herb Effects

The leaves are alterative, anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, astringent and depurative. The seeds are antilithic, diuretic and stimulant; anthelmintic (leaf, unripe shell, green hull, bark and fruit oil); antisyphilis (unripe shell and green hull); cleansing (bark and leaf); restores health (bark, fruit and leaf); laxative (fruit oil)

Links

Juglans regia
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ascorbic acid, citric acid, ellagic acid, gallic acid, malic acid (fruit); avicularin, beta-eudesmol, caffeic acid, cyanidin, eugenol, hyperin, inositol, juglone, kaempferol, nicotine, p-coumaric acid, quercetin, quercitrin (leaf); Juglansin (kernel); beta-carotene, folacin, lecithin, linoleic acid, niacin, oleic acid, palmitic acid, pantothenic acid, riboflavin, stearic acid, thiamin (seed); beta-sitosterol (plant); betulin, tannin (bark); betulinic acid (stem bark); serotonin (embryo)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ellagic acid Not Available Not Available C14H6O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Juglone Not Available 5-hydroxynaphthalene
-1,4-dione
C10H6O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Citric acid Not Available 2-hydroxypropane-1,2
,3-tricarboxylic
acid
C6H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Malic acid Not Available 2-hydroxybutanedioic
acid
C4H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Avicularin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-5,7-dihydroxy-3-
(4,5,6-trihydroxyoxa
n-3-yl)oxy -chroman
-4-one
C20H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Eudesmol 473-15-4 2-(4a-methyl-8-methy
lidene-decalin-2-yl)
propan-2-ol
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Cyanidin 87725-42-6 [2-(3,4-dihydroxyphe
nyl)-3,7-dihydroxy-c
hromen-5-ylidene]oxo
nium
C15H11O6+ Click Here To Enlarge
Eugenol 97-53-0 2-methoxy-4-prop-2-e
nyl-phenol
C10H12O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Hyperin 482-36-0 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-chromen-7
-one
C21H20O12 Click Here To Enlarge
Inositol 551-72-4 cyclohexane-1,2,3,4,
5,6-hexol
C6H12O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Nicotine 65-31-6 3-(1-methylpyrrolidi
n-2-yl)pyridine
C10H14N2 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercitrin 6151-25-3 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
(3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
methyl-oxa n-2-yl)o
xy-chromen-7-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Folacin 6484-89-5 2-[4-[(2-amino-4-oxo
-1H-pteridin-6-yl)me
thylamino]benzoyl]am
inopentane dioic
acid
C19H19N7O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Lecithin 8057-53-2 Not Available Not Available Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Pantothenic acid 599-54-2 3-[(2,4-dihydroxy-3,
3-dimethyl-butanoyl)
amino]propanoic acid
C9H17NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 Octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Betulin Not Available Not Available C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Betulinic Acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Serotonin 50-67-9 3-(2-aminoethyl)-1H-
indol-5-ol
C10H12N2O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In scrofula, syphilis, eczema and herpes (bark and leaf); rheumatism (fruit); as a vermifuge, laxative and in skin diseases (fruit oil); in dysentery and colic (kernel); to treat constipation, chronic coughs, asthma, diarrhoea, dyspepsia, skin ailments and purify the blood; coughs and vertigo (male inflorescences); in the treatment of diarrhoea and anaemia, low back pain, frequent urination, weakness of both legs, chronic cough, asthma, constipation due to dryness or anaemia and stones in the urinary tract, as a poultice to areas of dermatitis and eczema (rind); menstrual problems and dry skin conditions (seed oil); in the treatment of cancer (cotyledons).

Reference

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.


The Himalaya Drug Company.

Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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