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Home » Plant infomation

Guazuma ulmifolia  Lam.

   

Botanical Name

:

Guazuma ulmifolia Lam.

English Name

:

Bastard cedar, jacocalalu, West Indian elm

Synonym(s)

:

Theobroma guazuma L., Guazuma tomentosa Kunth

Family

:

Malvaceae

 

General Info

Description

A medium-sized tree that grows up to 20 m high, with a trunk 30 to 60 cm in diameter. Leaves alternate in 2 rows in flattened arrangement, ovate to lance-shaped, 6-13 cm long, 2.5-6 cm wide, long-pointed, finely saw-toothed, with 3 or sometimes 5 main veins from rounded or notched unequal-sided base, thin, nearly hairless or sometimes densely hairy, green upper surface, paler underneath; at night hanging vertically. Flowers many, short stalked, small, brownish-yellow, with 5 parts, about 1 cm long and half as broad, spreading, slightly fragrant. Calyx with 2-3 lobes, with rusty brown or light grey hairs, turned back, and then greenish; 5 yellow petals, each 2-forked; a yellowish stamen column with about 15 anthers surrounding the pistil, which has a hairy, light-green 5-celled ovary, style and 5 united stigmas. Fruit round to elliptical capsules, very warty, hard, black, 15-25 mm long, 5-celled, opening at tip or irregularly by pores. Seeds many, egg-shaped, 3 mm long, grey.

Herb Effects

Antibacterial, antidote, antiseptic, antiviral, astringent, bronchodilator, CNS-stimulant, cytotoxic, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, respirastimulant, stomachic and uterotonic.

Links

Tropical Plant Database
PIER
AgroForestryTree Database

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-sitosterol (plant); caffeine (leaf)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeine 5743-12-4 1,3,7-trimethylpurin
e-2,6-dione hydrate
C8H12N4O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

To treat diarrhea, hemorrhages and uterine pain (dried bark, fruit); to aid in childbirth, for gastrointestinal pain, asthma, diarrhea and dysentery, wounds, and fevers (fresh bark)

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