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Home » Plant infomation

Myroxylon balsamum  (L.) Harms

   

Botanical Name

:

Myroxylon balsamum (L.) Harms

English Name

:

Balsam of tolu

Synonym(s)

:

Myrospermum balsamifera Ruiz & Pav., Myrospermum toluiferum Rich., Myroxylon punctatum Klotzsch, Myroxylon toluiferum Kunth, Toluifera balsamum L., Toluifera punctata Baill

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

A slow-growing, large tree that reaches up to 45 m in height and 1m d.b.h. The crown is quite round, sometimes open, with dense foliage. The bole is straight with slim, ascending branches and a smooth, grayish brown outer bark bearing abundant lenticels. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, imparipinnate, and 8 to 20 cm long including the petiole. The petiole is 1 to 4 cm long and the rachis 5 to 15 cm long. The rachis and petiolules are pubescent and terete. The flowers are whitish, pubescent, mediumsized, entomophilous, and grouped in simple axillary or terminal racemes 20 cm long. The flower has 10 stamens, free or shortly united at the base, which fall with the petals. The anthers are uniform, acuminate,and longer than the filaments. The ovary is stipitate, sparsely villous, with one or two suspended ovules. The style is short, filiform, and incurved and has a well-defined terminal stigma. The fruit is a flat, indehiscent, samaroid, winged pod that is stipitate, narrowly obovate, 7 to 11 cm long, and 2 cm wide; it narrows toward the base.

Herb Effects

Antibacterial, antiseptic, expectorant, fungicide and stimulant.

Links

Center for Wood Anatomy Research
Tropical Plant Database
PIER
AgroForestryTree Database

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alpha-curcumene, alpha-pinene, benzaldehyde, benzyl alcohol, beta-elemene, caryophyllene, cinnamaldehyde, delta-cadinene, eugenol, ferulic acid, oleanolic acid, p-cymene, tannin, vanillin (plant); benzoic acid, benzyl-benzoate, cinnamic acid (gum); benzyl-cinnamate, farnesol, nerolidol (gum, plant); coumarin (seed)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
alpha-Curcumene 644-30-4 2-methyl-6-(4-methyl
phenyl)hept-2-ene
C15H22 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Benzaldehyde 100-52-7 benzaldehyde C7H6O Click Here To Enlarge
Benzyl alcohol 185532-71-2 phenylmethanol C7H8O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-elemene 33880-83-0 1-ethenyl-1-methyl-2
,4-diprop-1-en-2-yl-
cyclohexane
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Caryophyllene 87-44-5 4,11,11-trimethyl-8-
methylidene-bicyclo[
7.2.0]undec-4-ene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Cinnamaldehyde Not Available 3-phenylprop-2-enal C9H8O Click Here To Enlarge
delta-Cadinene Not Available 1,6-dimethyl-4-propa
n-2-yl-2,3,4,4a,7,8-
hexahydronaphthalene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Eugenol 97-53-0 2-methoxy-4-prop-2-e
nyl-phenol
C10H12O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydropicene-
4a-carboxylic acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Cymene Not Available Dichlororuthenium;
1-methyl-5,6-dihydro
-4H-pyrimidine;
p-cymene
C15H24Cl2N2Ru Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Vanillin 8014-42-4 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
benzaldehyde
C8H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Benzoic acid 8013-63-6 benzoic acid C7H6O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Benzyl benzoate 120-51-4 benzyl benzoate C14H12O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Cinnamic acid 63938-16-9 3-phenylprop-2-enoic
acid
C9H8O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Farnesol Not Available 3,7,11-trimethyldode
ca-2,6,10-trien-1-ol
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
Nerolidol 14528-94-0 3,7,11-trimethyldode
ca-1,6,10-trien-3-ol
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
Coumarin 60094-90-8 6-(1,2-dihydroxy-3-m
ethyl-but-3-enyl)-7-
methoxy-chromen-2-on
e
C15H16O5 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For asthma, colds and flu, rheumatism and external wounds (leaves and fruit); for abscesses, asthma, bronchitis, catarrh, headache, rheumatism, sores, sprains, tuberculosis, venereal diseases, and wounds (sap)

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