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Home » Plant infomation

Ceiba pentandra  (L.) Gaertn.

   

Botanical Name

:

Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.

English Name

:

Kapok tree

Synonym(s)

:

Eriodendron anfractuosum DC.; Gossampinus rumphiiSchott

Family

:

Bombacaceae

 

General Info

Description

Tree grows to a height of 40m with a girth of 3m. Wood is whitish and soft. Bark is smooth and greenish, and produces a few thorns, which are conical. Leaves are palmate and up to 40cm in diameter and consist of 7–8 folioles, which are 5cm × 1.5cm.Flowers are tubular, whitish to pink, in axillary fascicles. Fruits are green, fleshy, fusiform capsules 8cm – 14cm × 4.5cm – 7cm, containing up to 175 seeds 4–8mm long, which are minute and comose.

Herb Effects

antidiabetic, antiinflammatory

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-sitosterol, gossypol, lignoceric acid, linoleic acid, myristic acid, oleic-acid, palmitic-acid, stearic acid (seed); kaempferol (flower); caffeic acid, quercetin (leaves); HCN, lupeol, tannin (bark).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
15,16,17-dodecahydro
-1H-cyclopenta[a]phe
nanthren-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Gossypol 12542-36-8 7-(8-formyl-1,6,7-tr
ihydroxy-3-methyl-5-
propan-2-yl-naphthal
en-2-yl)-2 ,3,8-tri
hydroxy-6-methyl-4-p
ropan-2-yl-naphthale
ne-1-carbaldehyde
C30H30O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Lignoceric acid 66502-42-9 tetracosanoic acid C24H48O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Myristic Acid Not Available Hexane C6H14 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
HCN Not available Hydrogen cyanide CHN Click Here To Enlarge
Lupeol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

To treat gonorrhea (leaves); to reduce fever and to invigorate (roots); used to promote urination, to treat gonorrhea, to reduce fever, and to treat diarrhea and asthma (bark); in gravels (decoction of plant); in syphilis (decoction of leaves); to treat asthma and coughs (juice of leaves); in fever, to promote libido, in dysentery, menorrhagia, and diabetes (plant exudate).

Reference

Christophe Wiart. Medicinal Plants of Asia and the Pacific, P:84-85, CRC Press, June 2006

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