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Home » Plant infomation

Alisma plantago-aquatica  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Alisma plantago-aquatica L.

English Name

:

Alisma, Great Water Plantain

Synonym(s)

:

Alisma orientale (Sam.) Juz.

Family

:

Alismataceae

 

General Info

Description

A flowering plant consists of a fibrous root. Leaves emersed, petiolate; blade linear-lanceolate to broadly elliptic to ovate, to 30 ´ 1-12 cm. Inflorescences to 1 m. Flowers chasmogamous; sepals 1.7-3.2 mm; petals purplish white to purplish pink, 3.4--6.4 mm, margins ± erose, apex obtuse; anthers ellipsoid, 0.7--1.4 mm; style ± straight, 0.6--1.5 mm, exceeding ovary length. Fruiting heads 4--6.5 mm diam; achenes ovoid, 1.7--3.1 mm, abaxial keels broadly rounded, with 1 median abaxial groove, rarely 2, beak erect or nearly erect.

Herb Effects

Antidote, antibacterial, anticholesterolemic, diuretic and hypotensive (root); antibacterial, anticholesterolemic, diaphoretic, diuretic, hypoglycaemic and hypotensive (leaves); astringent (powdered seed).

Links

Common Waterplantain
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alismol, alisol-A- monoacetate, asparagine, chrysoeriol, guanidine, lignin, luteolin, nicotinic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, pantothenic acid, phenol, pyridoxine, stearic acid, tannin (plant); alisol-A, beta-sitosterol, choline, lecithin, valine (rhizome); rutin (leaf)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Alismol 87827-55-2 (1R,3aS,8aR)-1-methy
l-4-methylidene-7-pr
opan-2-yl-2,3,3a,5,6
,8a-hexahy droazule
n-1-ol
C15H24O Click Here To Enlarge
Asparagine 2058-58-4 2,4-diamino-4-oxo-bu
tanoic acid
C4H8N2O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Chrysoeriol 491-71-4 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxy-3-methoxy-phe
nyl)-chromen-7-one
C16H12O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Guanidine 646-34-4 guanidine CH5N3 Click Here To Enlarge
Luteolin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-ch
romen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Nicotinic acid 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Pantothenic acid 599-54-2 3-[(2,4-dihydroxy-3,
3-dimethyl-butanoyl)
amino]propanoic acid
C9H17NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Phenol 8002-07-1 phenol C6H6O Click Here To Enlarge
Pyridoxine 58-56-0 4,5-bis(hydroxymethy
l)-2-methyl-pyridin-
3-ol
C8H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Lecithin 8057-53-2 Not Available Not Available Click Here To Enlarge
Valine 7004-03-7 2-amino-3-methyl-but
anoic acid
C5H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Helps to treat renal calculus, cystitis, dysentery and epilepsy (dried leaves); for hydrophobia, to lower blood pressure, cholesterol, blood sugar levels, oliguria, oedema, nephritis, acute diarrhoea and fatty liver (roots); for leprosy, to bruises and swellings (fresh leaves); to promote conception (whole plant).

Contraindication

Doses 20–40 times higher than clinical dose is hepatotoxic and nephrotoxic in rats. Rhizome, (as a diuretic), should not be used when there is a clear, thin vaginal discharge since it may cause more than usual excretion of sodium and urea in normal healthy subjects.

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