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Home » Plant infomation

Chimaphila umbellata  (L.) W. P. C. Barton

   

Botanical Name

:

Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W. P. C. Barton

English Name

:

Pipsissewa

Synonym(s)

:

Pyrola umbellata L.

Family

:

Ericaceae

 

General Info

Description

A small perennial flowering plant grows 10-35 cm tall, and has evergreen shiny, bright green, toothed leaves arranged in opposite pairs or whorls of 3-4 along the stem. Leaves have a shallowly toothed margin, where the teeth have fine hairs at their ends. The flowers are white or pink, produced in a small umbel of 4-8 together.

Herb Effects

Alterative, antibacterial, astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, rubefacient, stimulant and tonic (whole plant); rubefacient (fresh leaves)

Links

Chimaphila umbellata
Plants for a Future
The American Materia Medica, Therapeutics and Pharmacognosy

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Arbutin, avicularin, beta-amyrin, beta-sitosterol, chimaphilin, epicatechin-gallate, hyperoside, kaempferol, methyl-salicylate, tannin, ursolic acid (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Arbutin Not Available 2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-
(4-hydroxyphenoxy)ox
ane-3,4,5-triol
C12H16O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Avicularin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-5,7-dihydroxy-3-
(4,5,6-trihydroxyoxa
n-3-yl)oxy -chroman
-4-one
C20H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Chimaphilin 482-70-2 2,7-dimethylnaphthal
ene-1,4-dione
C12H10O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Hyperoside 482-36-0 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-chromen-7
-one
C21H20O12 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Methyl salicylate 8024-54-2 methyl
2-hydroxybenzoate
C8H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In the treatment of various problems related to the urinary system, it is also prescribed for more serious conditions such as kidney stones and gonorrhoea (plant); in cardiac and kidney diseases, chronic rheumatism and scrofula (fresh leaves)

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