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Home » Plant infomation

Catalpa bignonioides  Walter

   

Botanical Name

:

Catalpa bignonioides Walter

English Name

:

Catalpa, Southern Catalpa.

Synonym(s)

:

Bignonia catalpa L., Catalpa syringaefolia Sims.

Family

:

Bignoniaceae

 

General Info

Description

Tree to 15 m (50 ft) tall and 50 cm (20 in) in diameter with rounded open crown. Bark thin, brownish gray, scaly. Twigs thick, green becoming brown, usually glabrous, with large leaf scars usually in threes. Buds very small, pale brown, rounded, usually three at a node, no end bud. Leaves in a whorl of three or opposite, long-petioled, cordate, acuminate, entire, ovate, 13-25 cm (5-10 in) long and 10-18 cm (4-7 in) wide, glabrous dull green above, paler and soft-hairy below. Flowers white with purple spots and orange stripes, fragrant, bell-shaped, about 4 cm (1.6 in) long and wide, numerous in panicles at ends of leafy twigs in late Spring. Fruits long thin cylindrical capsules, green becoming brown, 15-30 cm (6-12 in) long and about 1 cm (0.4 in) in diameter.

Herb Effects

Antiseptic, antidote to snake bites, laxative, sedative and vermifuge (bark)

Links

Catalpa bignonioides Walt.
Floridata
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, ursolic acid (leaf); linoleic acid, oleic acid(seed); protocatechuic acid (fruit); tannin (bark)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydro-1H-pic
ene-4a-carboxylic
acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Protocatechuic acid 5417-95-8 N,N-diethyl-N'-(2,4,
8,9-tetrazabicyclo[4
.3.0]nona-2,4,7,10-t
etraen-5-y l)propan
e-1,3-diamine
C12H20N6 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

On wounds and abrasions (leaves); in the treatment of asthma and bronchitis and is applied externally to wounds (seed)

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