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Home » Plant infomation

Armoracia rusticana  Gaertn.,C.A.Mey.&Scherb.

   

Botanical Name

:

Armoracia rusticana Gaertn.,C.A.Mey.&Scherb.

English Name

:

Horseradish

Synonym(s)

:

Armoracia lapathifolia Gilib. ex Usteri., Cochlearia armoracia L., Nasturtium armoracia (L.)Fr., Rorippa armoracia (L.)Hitchc.

Family

:

Brassicaceae

 

General Info

Description

Horseradish root, very tenacious of life, is a perennial, thick, tapering, white, long, acrid, and from which arise many large leaves. From the center a round or angular, smooth, erect, branching stem arises, about 2 feet in height; those branches which flower are corymbose, smooth, and angular. The radical leaves are nearly a foot long, half as wide, oblong, crenately-toothed, waved, sometimes pinnatifid, of a dark-green color, and upon long, channeled petioles; the cauline leaves are smaller, lanceolate, dentate, or incised, sessile, sometimes entire, and without footstalks; the lower ones are often pinnatifid. The flowers are numerous, small, white, peduncled, and borne in terminal corymbose racemes. Calyx ovate, spreading, and equal at the base; sepals four, concave. Petals obovate, obtuse, entire, claw-like. Stamens without teeth, the length of the calyx; anthers cordate; silicle sessile, oblong, or ovoid-globose, and compressed; dissepiment thin; valves ventricose, thickish; cells many seeded; seeds not bordered, and cotyledons flat and accumbent.

Herb Effects

Stimulant, rubefacient (plant); antiseptic, aperient, digestive, diuretic, expectorant, rubefacient and stimulant (roots)

Links

Horseradish
Plants for a Future
King's American Dispensatory

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Allyl-isothiocyanate, arginine, gentisic acid, niacin, p-hydroxy-benzoic acid, riboflavin, sinigrin, thiamin, vanillic acid (root); ascorbic acid (plant, root); kaempferol, quercetin (leaf); limonene, raphanin, sinapic acid, tannin (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Gentisic acid 4955-90-2 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic
acid
C7H6O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Hydroxybenzoic acid 99-96-7 4-hydroxybenzoic
acid
C7H6O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Sinigrin 534-69-0 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
hydroxymethyl)-6-(1-
sulfooxyiminobut-3-e
nylsulfany l)oxane
C10H17NO9S2 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Vanillic acid Not Available 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
benzoic acid
C8H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Raphanin 592-95-0 (E)-4-isothiocyanato
-1-methylsulfinyl-bu
t-1-ene
C6H9NOS2 Click Here To Enlarge
Sinapic acid 530-59-6 3-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dim
ethoxy-phenyl)prop-2
-enoic acid
C11H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In the treatment of colds, fevers and flu and is of value in the treatment of respiratory and urinary tract infections; to treat pleurisy, arthritis and infected wounds (root)

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