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Home » Plant infomation

Aristolochia contorta  Bunge


Botanical Name


Aristolochia contorta Bunge

English Name


Ma Dou Ling



Aristolochia nipponica Makino.





General Info


Herbs twining. Stems terete, striate, glabrous. Petiole 2-7 cm, glabrous; leaf blade narrowly deltate to deltate-cordate, 3-13 × 3-10 cm, papery, both surfaces glabrous, veins palmate, 2-3 pairs from base, base cordate, sinus ca. 1.5 cm deep, apex acute or obtuse. Racemes in axils of leafy shoots, 2-8-flowered, nearly fasciculate. Pedicel ascending, 1-2 cm, glabrous; bractlets ovate, ca. 1.5 × 1 cm. Calyx yellow-green with purple veins; tube rectilinear or slightly curved, abaxially glabrous; utricle globose, ca. 6 mm in diam., sessile; tube ca. 14 × 3 mm; limb unilateral, ligulate, ovate-lanceolate, ca. 3.5 × 1 cm, apex long acuminate with twisted cauda 1-3 cm. Anthers elliptic, ca. 0.5 mm. Gynostemium 6-lobed. Capsule broadly obovoid to ellipsoid-obovoid, 3-6.5 × 2.5-4 cm, dehiscing acropetally. Seeds deltoid-cordiform, 3-5 × 3-5 mm, with membranous wing.

Herb Effects

Antiasthmatic, antiseptic, antitussive and expectorant (fruit, capsule)


Plants for a Future



Medicinal Use

In the treatment of cancer, coughs, inflammation of the respiratory organs, haemorrhoids and hypertension (fruit); in the treatment of acute and serious infections such as TB, rabies, hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and infantile pneumonia (root)



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