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Home » Plant infomation

Larrea tridentata  (Sessé.&Moc. ex DC.)Coville.

   

Botanical Name

:

Larrea tridentata (Sessé.&Moc. ex DC.)Coville.

English Name

:

Chapparal, Creosote Bush

Synonym(s)

:

Larrea divaricata Cav. Larrea mexicana Moric.

Family

:

Zygophyllaceae

 

General Info

Description

A clonal shrub that grows 1-2 or 3 m high. Leaves distinctive bifolate wing, tiny; usually yellow-green, darker and aromatic after rainfall. Flowers yellow, solitary, small, numerous; bloom mainly in spring, sporadically throughout the year. Fruit pea-sized capsule, fuzzy ball, persistent.

Herb Effects

Analgesic, antidiarrheal , diuretic, and emetic

Links

Medicinal Plants of Southwest
Plants for a Future
Larrea tridentata (DC.) Coville

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, limonene, (essential oil); arginine, ascorbic acid, aspartic acid, beta-carotene, borneol, camphene, camphor, cystine, glutamic acid, glycine, gossypetin, niacin, phenylalanine, riboflavin, ternatin, thiamin, tyrosine, valine (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16
beta-Pinene 23089-32-9 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Aspartic acid 6899-03-2 2-aminobutanedioic
acid
C4H7NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta Carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Borneol 10385-78-1 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Camphene 5794-04-7 2,2-dimethyl-3-methy
lidene-norbornane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphor 8022-77-3 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Cystine 24645-67-8 2-amino-3-(2-amino-2
-carboxy-ethyl)disul
fanyl-propanoic acid
C6H12N2O4S2 Click Here To Enlarge
Glutamic acid Not Available 2-aminopentanedioic
acid
C5H9NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Glycine 87867-94-5 2-aminoacetic acid C2H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Gossypetin 489-35-0 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,5,7,8-tetrahyd
roxy-chromen-4-one
C15H10O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Phenylalanine 3617-44-5 2-amino-3-phenyl-pro
panoic acid
C9H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Ternatin Not Available (3S,6S,9S,12S,15R,18
R,21R)-15-[(2R)-buta
n-2-yl]-18-[(1R)-1-h
ydroxy-2-m ethyl-pr
opyl]-1,3,4,10,12,13
,21-heptamethyl-6,9-
bis(2-methylpropyl)-
1, 4,7,10,13,16,19-
heptazacyclohenicosa
ne-2,5,8,11,14,17,20
-heptone
C37H67N7O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Tyrosine 556-02-5 2-amino-3-(4-hydroxy
phenyl)-propanoic
acid
C9H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Valine 7004-03-7 2-amino-3-methyl-but
anoic acid
C5H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For fever, influenza, colds, upset stomach, gas gout, arthritis, sinusitis, anemia, fungus infections, in the treatment of allergies, autoimmunity diseases, and Premenstrual Syndrome. To treat diarrhoea and stomach troubles (leaf decoction)

Reference

Gnabre JN. Brady JN. Clanton DJ. Ito Y. Dittmer J. Bates RB. Huang RC. Inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 transcription and replication by DNA sequence-selective plant lignans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A1995 Nov 21;92(24):11239-43.

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