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Home » Plant infomation

Marrubium vulgare  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Marrubium vulgare L.

English Name

:

White Horehound

Family

:

Lamiaceae

 

General Info

Description

Perrenial hairy plant with a four-angled hollow stem; the leaves are 2-5 cm long with a densely crinkled surface, and downy-hairy; flowers have a divided calyx with hooks and the corolla is white (two stamens in back of flower are shorter); fruits are nutlets.

Herb Effects

Antiseptic, antispasmodic, cholagogue, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, emmenagogue, strongly expectorant, hepatic, stimulant and tonic (leaves and young flowering stems)

Links

Medline plus
Plants for a Future
PIER
Herb Information
Botanical.com

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alpha-pinene, apigenin, ascorbic acid, beta-sitosterol, caffeic acid, camphene, choline, gsllic acid, limonene, luteolin, marrubiin, p-cymene, sabinene, sclareol, tannic acid, tannin, ursolic acid (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Apigenin 520-36-5 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphene 5794-04-7 2,2-dimethyl-3-methy
lidene-norbornane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Luteolin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-ch
romen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Marrubiin Not Available Not Available C20H28O4 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Cymene Not Available dichlororuthenium;
1-methyl-5,6-dihydro
-4H-pyrimidine;
p-cymene
C15H24Cl2N2Ru Click Here To Enlarge
Sabinene 3387-41-5 4-methylidene-1-prop
an-2-yl-bicyclo[3.1.
0]hexane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Sclareol 515-03-7 (1R,2R,8aS)-1-[(3R)-
3-hydroxy-3-methyl-p
ent-4-enyl]-2,5,5,8a
-tetrameth yl-decal
in-2-ol
C20H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannic acid 1401-55-4 Not Available Not Available Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Used for asthma, coughs, colds, bronchitis, sore throats, skin irritations; arrhythmia, associated with anxiety (with Hawthorn leaves) and as a sedative (with Lavender and Balm).

Contraindication

Not recommended during pregnancy or breastfeeding. Animal studies suggest that white horehound may cause miscarriage.

Reference

Stary, Medicinal Herbs and Plants.

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