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Home » Plant infomation

Abutilon theophrasti  Medic.


Botanical Name


Abutilon theophrasti Medic.

English Name


Velvetleaf, China Jute, Buttonweed, Butterprint or Indian Mallow



Abutilon avicennae Gaertn., Sida abutilon L.





General Info


An annual subshrub-like herb that can reach a height of 1-2 m. The stem and twigs are covered with fine hairs. The velvety, heart-shaped leaves are alternate, about 5-10 cm long, densely stellate pubescent on both surfaces, with minutely crenate margin, long acuminate apex and cordate base. Petiole is 3-12 cm long with stellate hairs. The stipule is shed early. Yellow flowers are produced solitarily in leaf axils. The pedicel is pubescent, 1-3 cm long, with a knot near the apex. The calyx is cup-shaped, densely puberulous, with five ovate lobes about 6 mm long. Petals are yellow, obovate, and about 1 cm in length. Fruits are semi-globose capsules, about 2 cm in diameter and 1.2 cm in length, with 15-20 scabrous mericarps bearing two long awns at the apex. Seeds are brown, stellately puberulous and reniform.

Herb Effects

Demulcent (leaves); diuretic, emollient, laxative and stomachic (seed)


Plants for a Future



Medicinal Use

Fever, dysentery, and stomachaches (plant); in the treatment of dysentery and opacity of the cornea; in the treatment of dysentery and urinary incontinence (root); A poultice of the leaves is applied to ulcers.



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