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Home » Plant infomation

Abies bracteata  D. Don ex Poiteau


Botanical Name


Abies bracteata D. Don ex Poiteau

English Name


Bristlecone Fir or Santa Lucia Fir



Abies religiosa sensu Hook. et Arn.





General Info


A narrowly conical tree 12-30 m tall, 10-30(100) cm dbh, with a spire-like crown and with short, slightly drooping branchlets. Bark light red-brown, thin, smooth, with age becoming slightly fissured and broken into appressed scales. Branches diverging from trunk at right angles, the lower often drooping in age. Buds exposed, ovate to fusiform, pale yellowish-brown, sharp-pointed, 10-20 mm long, not resinous, apex pointed; basal scales short, broad, equilaterally triangular, glabrous, not resinous, margins entire, apex sharp-pointed. Needles 2-ranked to spiraled, flattened, stiff, with raised abaxial vein, pointing forwards, distinctly parted, shiny dark green above, (25)35-55(60)mm long by 2.5-3 mm wide, with 2 broad white bands below with with 8-10 stomatal rows on each side of midrib; odor pungent; base twisted; apex long-spined; cross section flat-convex; resin canals small, near margins and abaxial epidermal layer. Staminate cones at pollination pale yellow to yellow-green, 5-7 cm long by 2-3 cm wide. Ovulate cone ovoid, resinous, (6)7-10(14) cm long by 4-5.5cm wide, violet-brown to purple-brown, borne on stout peduncles; scales ca. 1.5-2 × 2-2.5 cm, glabrous, thin, rounded, finely serrulate; bracts long exserted, not reflexed, trilobed, yellowish-brown, extending 4-5 cm beyond the scales, resinous. Seeds shiny, deep red-brown, 5 mm long, wing 8-11 mm long.





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