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Home » Plant infomation

Abies balsamea  (Linnaeus) Miller

   

Botanical Name

:

Abies balsamea (Linnaeus) Miller

English Name

:

Balsam fir

Synonym(s)

:

Pinus balsamea Linnaeus

Family

:

Pinaceae

 

General Info

Description

An evergreen conifer with a mature height of 40'-90' and a diameter of 12"-30". Bark thin, gray, smooth with resin blisters; brown and scaly on older trees. Leaves short, flat, resinous needles. Root system shallow, mostly confined to duff and upper mineral soil layers, rarely penetrating more than 30" except in sandy soils. Male strobili about 3mm long at maturity, yellowish-red and tinged with purple, developing in the axils of needles along undersides of year-old twigs, usually in dense clusters. Female strobili about 1" long at maturity and purplish, found singly or in small groups, confined to the top 5' of the crown. Seed 2mm-3mm, brown, with brown-purple wing about twice as long as body.

Herb Effects

Anodyne, antiseptic, diaphoretic, diuretic, masticatory and vulnerary (plant); antirheumatic (root decoction)

Links

Balsam Fir
Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alpha-phellandrene, alpha-pinene, bornyl-acetate, camphene, limonene (plant); beta-phellandrene (gum); betulin (bark, leaf, twig)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
alpha-Phellandrene 2243-33-6 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,3-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16
Bornyl acetate 20347-65-3 (1,7,7-trimethylnorb
ornan-2-yl) acetate
C12H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphene 5794-04-7 2,2-dimethyl-3-methy
lidene-norbornane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Phellandrene 555-10-2 3-methylidene-6-prop
an-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Betulin Not Available Not Available C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As a cold remedy (resin); in folk remedies for cancers, corns, and warts (buds, resin and sap)

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