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Home » Plant infomation

Abies alba  Miller

   

Botanical Name

:

Abies alba Miller

English Name

:

Silver fir

Synonym(s)

:

Abies pardei Gaussen, Abies pectinata DC.

Family

:

Pinaceae

 

General Info

Description

Tree up to 45-55 m. tall and 200-260 cm dbh, with a long clear bole surmounted by a pyramidal crown that becomes flat-topped with age. Bark smooth, gray, scaly, with resin blisters. Branches grooved, pale brown or dull gray with a blackish pubescence. Leaves; shade foliage 2-ranked, spreading horizontally; foliage in sun more or less erect. Needle base twisted, apex notched or rounded; 15-30 × 1.5-2 mm; upper surface dark shiny green and grooved, usually lacking stomata; lower surface glaucous to whitish-green, keeled , with stomata in 5-8 ranks. Buds pale brown to reddish-brown, ovoid with an obtuse apex, sometimes resinous, diameter 8-11 mm, slightly pubescent. Pollen cones blue/violet/red, 1-3 cm long. Seed cones cylindrical, attenuate at the ends, 10-16 × 3-5 cm, green when young, turning red-brown; cone scales spathulate, finely pubescent with exserted, reflexed bracts extending about 2/3 the length of the scale. Seeds obovoid, reddish, winged, up to 2.5 cm long.

Herb Effects

Antibiotic, antiseptic and balsamic (buds); antiseptic and astringent (bark); antiseptic, balsamic, diuretic, eupeptic, expectorant, vasoconstrictor and vulnerary (resin); rubefacient (oil)

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Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Abietic acid, succinic acid (resin); alpha-phellandrene, camphene, gamma-terpinene, myrcene, p-cymene, terpinolene (leaf); alpha-pinene (resin, plant); beta-phellandrene, maltol, salicylic acid (plant); beta-pinene, delta-3-carene, limonene (leaf, resin)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Abietic acid 72452-62-1 (1R,4aS,4bR,10aS)-1,
4a-dimethyl-7-propan
-2-yl-2,3,4,4b,5,6,1
0,10a-octa hydrophe
nanthrene-1-carboxyl
ic acid
C20H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Succinic acid 6283-68-7 butanedioic acid C4H6O4 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Phellandrene 2243-33-6 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,3-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphene 5794-04-7 2,2-dimethyl-3-methy
lidene-norbornane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
gamma-Terpinene 99-85-4 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,4-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Myrcene 2153-31-3 7-methyl-3-methylide
ne-octa-1,6-diene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Cymene Not Available dichlororuthenium;
1-methyl-5,6-dihydro
-4H-pyrimidine;
p-cymene
C15H24Cl2N2Ru Click Here To Enlarge
Terpinolene 586-62-9 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
ylidene-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16
beta-Phellandrene 555-10-2 3-methylidene-6-prop
an-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Salicylic acid 8052-31-1 2-hydroxybenzoic
acid
C7H6O3 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Pinene 23089-32-9 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Used as an inhalant, to treat bronchitis, cystitis, leucorrhoea, ulcers and flatulent colic (leaves and resin); in bath extracts, rubbing oils etc for treating rheumatic pains and neuralgia (resin)

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