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Home » Plant infomation

Humulus lupulus  Linn.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Humulus lupulus Linn.

English Name

:

Hop or Hops

Family

:

Cannabaceae

 

General Info

Description

A perennial, twining, scabrid herb, 15-20 ft. in height. Aerial stems (bines) oppositely branched, angular, flexible; leaves opposite, stipulate: lower larger, 3-5 lobed, upper smaller, ovate or cordate, serrate, minutely prickly, petioles long; male flowers small, greenish yellow, arranged in paniculate cymes; female flowers in cone-like inflorescences; fruit an achene.

Herb Effects

Slows down aging of the skin, hypnotic, sedative, decreases libido of males and stimulates the secretion of gastric juices. Aromatic and bitter with sedative, soporific, tonic, anodyne, diuretic, anaphrodisiac, antiseptic, hypnotic, nervine, stomachic and vermifuge

Links

Humulus lupulus L.
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plants for a Future
King's American Dispensatory

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alpha-pinene, arginine, ascorbic acid, astragalin, beta-carotene, beta-eudesmol, beta-pinene, catechin, chlorogenic acid, choline, citral, epicatechin, farnesol, ferulic acid, gamma-aminobutyric acid, gentisic acid, geraniol, isoquercitrin, limonene, lupulin, myrcene, nerol, nerolidol, niacin, p-coumaric acid, p-cymene, phenylalanine, procyanidins, quercitrin, riboflavin, rutin, thiamin, threonine, tryptophan tyrosine (fruit); beta-sitosterol, caffeic acid, delphinidin, myricetin, quercetin (plant); alpha-terpineol, eugenol (essential oil); cannabidiol, kaempferol, (leaf); friedelin, maslinic aicd, oleanolic acid, stigmasterol, ursolic acid (stem); gamma-linolenic acid (seed); humulone, lupulone (flower)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Humulone 23510-81-8 (6R)-3,5,6-trihydrox
y-2-(3-methylbutanoy
l)-4,6-bis(3-methylb
ut-2-enyl) cyclohex
a-2,4-dien-1-one
C21H30O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Methylbutenol 115-18-4 2-methylbut-3-en-2-o
l
C5H10O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Astragalin 480-10-4 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-3-[3,4
,5-trihydroxy-6-(hyd
roxymethyl )oxan-2-
yl]oxy-chromen-7-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta Carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Eudesmol 473-15-4 2-(4a-methyl-8-methy
lidene-decalin-2-yl)
propan-2-ol
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-pinene 23089-32-9 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Catechin 5323-80-8 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)chroman-3,5,7-tri
ol
C15H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Citral 96680-15-8 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienal
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Epicatechin 490-46-0 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)chroman-3,5,7-tri
ol
C15H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Farnesol Not Available 3,7,11-trimethyldode
ca-2,6,10-trien-1-ol
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
gamma-Aminobutyric acid 70582-09-1 4-aminobutanoic acid C4H9NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Gentisic acid 4955-90-2 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic
acid
C7H6O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Geraniol 8007-13-4 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dien-1-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Isoquercitrin 21637-25-2 3-[5-(1,2-dihydroxye
thyl)-3,4-dihydroxy-
oxolan-2-yl]oxy-2-(3
,4-dihydro xyphenyl
)-4,5-dihydroxy-chro
men-7-one
C21H20O12 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Myrcene 2153-31-3 7-methyl-3-methylide
ne-octa-1,6-diene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Nerol 106-24-1 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dien-1-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Nerolidol 14528-94-0 3,7,11-trimethyldode
ca-1,6,10-trien-3-ol
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Cymene Not Available Dichlororuthenium;
1-methyl-5,6-dihydro
-4H-pyrimidine;
p-cymene
C15H24Cl2N2Ru Click Here To Enlarge
Phenylalanine 3617-44-5 2-amino-3-phenyl-pro
panoic acid
C9H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Procyanidin 4852-22-6 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-2-[2-(3,4-dihydr
oxyphenyl)-5,7-dihyd
roxy-chrom an-3-yl]
oxy-chroman-3,4,5,7-
tetrol
C30H26O13 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercitrin 6151-25-3 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
(3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
methyl-oxa n-2-yl)o
xy-chromen-7-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Threonine 632-20-2 2-amino-3-hydroxy-bu
tanoic acid
C4H9NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Tryptophan 80206-30-0 2-amino-3-(1H-indol-
3-yl)propanoic acid
C11H12N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tyrosine 556-02-5 2-amino-3-(4-hydroxy
phenyl)-propanoic
acid
C9H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Delphinidin 528-53-0 [3,7-dihydroxy-2-(3,
4,5-trihydroxyphenyl
)-chromen-5-ylidene]
oxonium ch loride
C15H11ClO7 Click Here To Enlarge
Myricetin 529-44-2 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
3,4,5-trihydroxyphen
yl)-chromen-7-one
C15H10O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Terpineol 10482-56-1 2-(4-methyl-1-cycloh
ex-3-enyl)propan-2-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Eugenol 97-53-0 2-methoxy-4-prop-2-e
nyl-phenol
C10H12O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Cannabidiol 13956-29-1 2-[3-methyl-6-(1-met
hylethenyl)-1-cycloh
ex-3-enyl]-5-pentyl-
benzene-1, 3-diol
C21H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Friedelin 559-74-0 4,4a,6a,6b,8a,11,11,
14a-octamethyl-2,4,5
,6,6a,7,8,9,10,12,12
a,13,14,14 b-tetrad
ecahydro-1H-picen-3-
one
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Maslinic acid 4373-41-5 10,11-dihydroxy-2,2,
6a,6b,9,9,12a-heptam
ethyl-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7
,8,8a,10,1 1,12,13,
14b-tetradecahydropi
cene-4a-carboxylic
acid
C30H48O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
13,14b-tetradecahydr
opicene-4a-carboxyli
c acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydro-1H-pic
ene-4a-carboxylic
acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
gamma-Linolenic acid 1686-12-0 (6E,9E,12E)-octadeca
-6,9,12-trienoic
acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Humulone 23510-81-8 (6R)-3,5,6-trihydrox
y-2-(3-methylbutanoy
l)-4,6-bis(3-methylb
ut-2-enyl) cyclohex
a-2,4-dien-1-one
C21H30O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Lupulone Not Available 3,5-dihydroxy-2-(3-m
ethylbutanoyl)-4,6,6
-tris(3-methylbut-2-
enyl)cyclo hexa-2,4
-dien-1-one
C26H38O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As a sedative, in digestive maladies, in debility, indigestion, worms, nervous conditions and hair brittleness; to remedy swellings and hardness of the uterus (flower decoction); for boils, bruises, calculus, cancer, cramps, cough, cystitis, debility, delirium, diarrhea, dyspepsia, fever, fits, hysteria, inflammation, insomnia, jaundice, nerves, neuralgia, rheumatism, and worms ; for insomnia, stress and anxiety (dry female buds)

Contraindication

Should not be taken by people suffering with depression. Skin contact with the plant causes dermatitis in sensitive people.

Reference

Stary, Medicinal Herbs and Plants.

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