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Home » Raw Herbs

Fagopyrum esculentum  Moench.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.

English Name

:

Common Buckwheat

Synonym(s)

:

Polygonum fagopyrum L., Fagopyrum sagittatum Gilib., Fagopyrum fagopyrum (L.) Karst.

Family

:

Polygonaceae

 

General Info

Description

An annual herb, 3-5 ft. high, with alternate, hastate, acute leaves, 1-3 in. long; flowers in axillary or terminal cymes, pinkish white, fragrant, dimorphic and highly self-sterile; fruit a 3-cornered achene, 0.2-0.4 in. long with keeled edges, varying in colour from silvery grey to brown or black.

Herb Effects

Acrid, astringent and vasodilator (leaves and shoots)

Links

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plants for a Future
Botanical.com

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Rutin, arginine, lysine, cystine, histidine, glycine, alanine, valine, leucine, glutamic acid, phenylalanine, praline and tryptophane.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Lysine 923-27-3 2,6-diaminohexanoic
acid
C6H14N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Cystine 24645-67-8 2-amino-3-(2-amino-2
-carboxy-ethyl)disul
fanyl-propanoic acid
C6H12N2O4S2 Click Here To Enlarge
Histidine 6027-02-7 2-amino-3-(3H-imidaz
ol-4-yl)propanoic
acid
C6H9N3O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Glycine 87867-94-5 2-aminoacetic acid C2H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Alanine 35597-43-4 2-[2-[2-amino-4-(hyd
roxy-methyl-phosphor
yl)-butanoyl]aminopr
opanoylami no]propa
noic acid
C11H22N3O6P Click Here To Enlarge
Valine 7004-03-7 2-amino-3-methyl-but
anoic acid
C5H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Leucine 2439-37-4 2-dimethylamino-4-me
thyl-pentanoic acid
C8H17NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Glutamic acid Not Available 2-aminopentanedioic
acid
C5H9NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Phenylalanine 3617-44-5 2-amino-3-phenyl-pro
panoic acid
C9H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tryptophane 80206-30-0 2-amino-3-(1H-indol-
3-yl)propanoic acid
C11H12N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For hemorrhoids, circulatory system problems such as vericose ulcers, veins, in colic, choleic, diarrhoea and abdominal obstructions (plant); for bruises in the patients of rheumatoid arthritis (leaves); for restoring the flow of milk in nursing mothers (poultice from the seeds)

Contraindication

This plant has caused photosensitivity in some people.

Reference

Stary, Medicinal Herbs and Plants.

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