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Home » Raw Herbs » Seeds

Cuminum cyminum  

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Cuminum cyminum

English Name

:

Cumin

Synonym(s)

:

Cuminum odorum (Salisb.), Cuminum hispanicum. Merat.

Family

:

Apiaceae

 

General Info

Description

Its stem is slender and branched, rarely exceeding 1 foot in height and somewhat angular. The leaves are divided into long, narrow segments and are of a deep green colour, generally turned back at the ends. The upper leaves are nearly stalkless, but the lower ones have longer leaf-stalks. The flowers are small, rose-coloured or white, in stalked umbels with only four to six rays. The seeds are oblong in shape, thicker in the middle, compressed laterally about 5 mm long, and bristle and almost straight. They have nine fine ridges, overlapping as many oil channels.

Herb Effects

Antibacterial, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, carminative, galactogogue, poultice, stimulant and stomachic.

Links

Cumin
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Cumaldehyde, perilla aldehyde, cumin alcohol, α- and β-pinene (21%), dipentene, p-cymene and β-phellandrene were found.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Cumaldehyde 122-03-2 4-propan-2-ylbenzald
ehyde
C10H12O Click Here To Enlarge
Perilla aldehyde 6611-91-2 4-prop-1-en-2-ylcycl
ohexene-1-carbaldehy
de
C10H14O Click Here To Enlarge
Cumin alcohol 536-60-7 (4-propan-2-ylphenyl
)methanol
C10H14O Click Here To Enlarge
Dipentene 8050-32-6 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Cymene Not Available Dichlororuthenium;
1-methyl-5,6-dihydro
-4H-pyrimidine;
p-cymene
C15H24Cl2N2Ru Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As a remedy for colic and dyspeptic headache, as a cure for stitches and pains in the side caused by the sluggish congestion of indolent parts. It is bruised and applied externally in the form of a plaster for wounds. Used in the treatment of insomnia, bloating, cough, diarrhea, indigestion, morning sickness, colds and fevers and to improve milk production in nursing mothers and also as a general tonic to the whole digestive system, it is used in the treatment of flatulence and bloating, reducing intestinal gas and relaxing the gut as a whole (seeds); Ground into a powder and mixed into a paste with onion juice, it has been applied to scorpion stings.

Reference

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

The Himalaya Drug Company.

Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

Grieve M. A Modern Herbal (1931) (www.botanical.com).

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