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Home » Raw Herbs

Vitex agnus-castus  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Vitex agnus-castus L.

English Name

:

Agnus Castus, Hemp tree, chaste tree, monk

Family

:

Verbenaceae

 

General Info

Description

A beautiful little deciduous tree or large shrub with a showy summertime flower display. The leaves are 3-4 in (7.6-10 cm) in diameter and palmately compound with 5 to 7 fingerlike leaflets. The fruit appears after whorls of violet flowers on long terminal shoots.

Herb Effects

Anaphrodisiac, aphrodisiac, galactogogue, ophthalmic, sedative, stomachic, women's complaints (seeds and fruits)

Links

Floridata
Plants for a Future
Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

1,8-cineole, alpha-pinene, alpha-terpineol, ascaridole, aucubin, beta-phellandrene, beta-pinene, bornyl-acetate, camphene, caryophyllene-oxide, citronellol, isovitexin, limonene, luteolin-7-glucoside, myrcene, p-cymene, sabinene, terpinen-4-ol, testosterone (leaf); casticin, pinene (fruit); orientin (shoot)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
1,8-Cineole 8024-53-1 2,2,4-trimethyl-3-ox
abicyclo[2.2.2]octan
e
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16
alpha-Terpineol 10482-56-1 2-(4-methyl-1-cycloh
ex-3-enyl)propan-2-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Ascaridole Not Available 4-methyl-1-propan-2-
yl-7,8-dioxabicyclo[
2.2.2]oct-2-ene
C10H16O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Aucubin 479-98-1 2-[[9-hydroxy-7-(hyd
roxymethyl)-4-oxabic
yclo[4.3.0]nona-2,7-
dien-5-yl] oxy]-6-(
hydroxymethyl)oxane-
3,4,5-triol
C15H22O9 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Phellandrene 555-10-2 3-methylidene-6-prop
an-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-pinene 23089-32-9 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Bornyl acetate 20347-65-3 (1,7,7-trimethylnorb
ornan-2-yl) acetate
C12H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphene 5794-04-7 2,2-dimethyl-3-methy
lidene-norbornane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Caryophyllene oxide 32095-03-7 Not Available C15H24O Click Here To Enlarge
Citronellol 26489-01-0 3,7-dimethyloct-6-en
-1-ol
C10H20O Click Here To Enlarge
Isovitexin 61838-34-4 5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-6-[(2S
,3S,4R,5R,6R)-3,4,5-
trihydroxy -6-(hydr
oxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]
chromen-4-one
C21H20O10 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Luteolin-7-glucoside 5373-11-5 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4-hydroxy-7-[3,4
,5-trihydroxy-6-(hyd
roxymethyl )oxan-2-
yl]oxy-chromen-5-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Myrcene 2153-31-3 7-methyl-3-methylide
ne-octa-1,6-diene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Cymene Not Available Dichlororuthenium;
1-methyl-5,6-dihydro
-4H-pyrimidine;
p-cymene
C15H24Cl2N2Ru Click Here To Enlarge
Sabinene 3387-41-5 4-methylidene-1-prop
an-2-yl-bicyclo[3.1.
0]hexane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Terpinen-4-ol Not Available 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohex-3-en-1-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Testosterone 57-85-2 [(8R,9S,10R,13S,14S,
17S)-10,13-dimethyl-
3-oxo-1,2,6,7,8,9,11
,12,14,15, 16,17-do
decahydrocyclopenta[
a]phenanthren-17-yl]
propanoate
C22H32O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Casticin 479-91-4 4-hydroxy-2-(3-hydro
xy-4-methoxy-phenyl)
-3,6,7-trimethoxy-ch
romen-5-on e
C19H18O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Pinene 9056-93-3 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Orientin 28608-75-5 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,7-dihydroxy-8-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]-chromen-5-on
e
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In malfunctions of the feminine reproductive system and has been used with great effect in restoring absent menstruation, regulating heavy periods, restoring fertility when this is caused by hormonal imbalance, relieving pre-menstrual tension and easing the change of the menopause; for the relief of paralysis, pains in the limbs, weakness etc (fresh berries).

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