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Home » Raw Herbs » Seeds

Sesamum indicum  Linn.

   

Botanical Name

:

Sesamum indicum Linn.

English Name

:

Gingelly, sesame, sesamum, simsim, tahini

Synonym(s)

:

Sesamum orientale L., Sesamum trifoliatum, Sesamum luteum.

Family

:

Pedaliaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is an erect, much-branched and glandular-pubescent annual herb with 30 to 60 cm height. Leaves are oblong or ovate and 7.5 to 12.5 cm long; lower ones long, petioled, tri-foliate or palmatisect and upper ones short-petioled and narrowly oblong with a rounded or acute base. The flowers are 1 to 3 together in the leaf-axils, often forming, terminal and leafly racemes. Bracteoles are inserted at the base of the pedicels and subulated. Calyx is 0.5 to 0.6 cm long and acute hairy. Corolla is white or suffused with violet colour and hairy outside. The fruits are 1.5 to 3.0 cm long capsules, which are erect, hispid and smooth or rugose.

Herb Effects

Emollient, diuretic, lactagogue, aphrodisiac, analgesic.

Links

Sesame
Sesamum indicum
Plants for a Future
Sesame Seed

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alpha-linolenic acid, alpha-tocopherol, arginine, asarinin, aspartic acid, beta-carotene, beta-sitosterol, biotin, choline, folacin, glucose, glutamic acid, glycine, guaiacol, inositol, lecithin, linoleic acid, methionine, myristic acid, niacin, oleic acid, palmitic acid, pantothenic acid, phenylalanine, pyridoxine, sesamin, stearic acid, thiamin, tryptophan, tyrosin (seeds); caffeic acid, ferulic acid, p-coumaric acid (fruit); chlorogenic acid, protocatechuic acid, riboflavin (leaf)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Thiamine 67-03-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Sesamin Not Available 5-(2-benzo[1,3]dioxo
l-5-yl-3,7-dioxabicy
clo[3.3.0]oct-6-yl)b
enzo[1,3]d ioxole
C20H18O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Linolenic acid 94138-91-7 octadeca-9,12,15-tri
enoic acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Alpha-tocopherol 364-50-1 2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-
2-(5,9,13-trimethylt
etradecyl)chroman-6-
ol
C30H52O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Asarinin 133-04-0 5-(8-benzo[1,3]dioxo
l-5-yl-3,7-dioxabicy
clo[3.3.0]oct-4-yl)b
enzo[1,3]d ioxole
C20H18O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Aspartic acid 6899-03-2 2-aminobutanedioic
acid
C4H7NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Biotin 58073-87-3 5-(7-oxo-3-thia-6,8-
diazabicyclo[3.3.0]o
ct-2-yl)pentanoic
acid
C10H16N2O3S Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Folacin 6484-89-5 2-[4-[(2-amino-4-oxo
-1H-pteridin-6-yl)me
thylamino]benzoyl]am
inopentane dioic
acid
C19H19N7O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Glucose 8030-23-7 (3R,4S,5R,6R)-6-(hyd
roxymethyl)oxane-2,3
,4,5-tetrol
C6H12O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Glutamic acid Not Available 2-aminopentanedioic
acid
C5H9NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Glycine 87867-94-5 2-aminoacetic acid C2H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Guaiacol 90-05-1 2-methoxyphenol C7H8O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Inositol 551-72-4 cyclohexane-1,2,3,4,
5,6-hexol
C6H12O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Lecithin 8057-53-2 Not Available Not Available Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Methionine 348-67-4 2-amino-4-methylsulf
anyl-butanoic acid
C5H11NO2S Click Here To Enlarge
Myristic Acid Not Available Hexane C6H14 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Pantothenic acid 599-54-2 3-[(2,4-dihydroxy-3,
3-dimethyl-butanoyl)
amino]propanoic acid
C9H17NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Phenylalanine 3617-44-5 2-amino-3-phenyl-pro
panoic acid
C9H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Pyridoxine 58-56-0 4,5-bis(hydroxymethy
l)-2-methyl-pyridin-
3-ol
C8H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tryptophan 80206-30-0 2-amino-3-(1H-indol-
3-yl)propanoic acid
C11H12N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tyrosine 556-02-5 2-amino-3-(4-hydroxy
phenyl)-propanoic
acid
C9H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
P-coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Protocatechuic acid 5417-95-8 N,N-diethyl-N'-(2,4,
8,9-tetrazabicyclo[4
.3.0]nona-2,4,7,10-t
etraen-5-y l)propan
e-1,3-diamine
C12H20N6 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Used in piles and a decoction of them is used as emmenagogue, on ulcers, in dysentery, infantile cholera and diarrhoea, in urinary complaints in combination with other medicines, acute cystitis, strangury, early rheumatism, used internally in catarrhal affections of kidney and urinary bladder and externally, are applied on ophthalmic and skin problems (fresh leaves); helps to prevent gall and kidney stones (seeds).

Contraindication

Large doses may cause abortion.

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