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Home » Plant infomation

Cnicus benedictus  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Cnicus benedictus L.

English Name

:

Blessed Thistle

Synonym(s)

:

Carduus benedictus Steud., Carbenia benedicta Adans

Family

:

Asteraceae

 

General Info

Description

A weed scarcely exceeds 2 feet in height, has a coarse, erect, branched, and rather woolly stem. The leaves are 3 to 6 inches long, more or less hairy, with margins lobed and spiny. The yellow flower heads which appear from about May to August are borne at the ends of the branches, almost hidden by the upper leaves, and are about 1 1/2 inches long. Surrounding the flower heads are leathery scales, tipped with long, branching, yellowish-red spines.

Herb Effects

Stimulates the flow of gastric juices and bile and antimicrobial. Astringent, bitter, cholagogue, diaphoretic, diuretic, strongly emetic in large doses, emmenagogue, galactogogue, stimulant, stomachic and tonic (whole plant)

Links

Herb Information
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alpha-amyrin, apigenin 7-glycoside, arctigenin, ascorbic acid, benzoic acid, beta-sitosterol, cinnamaldehyde, cnicin, ferulic acid, luteolin, n-nonacosane, niacin, oleanolic acid, riboflavin, stigmasterol, tannin, thiamin (plant); arctin, linoleic acid, oleic acid (seed); citral, p-cymene (essential oil); lithospermic acid, trachelogenin (fruit)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Alpha-Amyrin 638-95-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,1
4b-octamethyl-2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
12a,14,14a
-tetradecahydro-1H-p
icen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Benzoic acid 8013-63-6 benzoic acid C7H6O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Cinnamaldehyde Not Available 3-phenylprop-2-enal C9H8O Click Here To Enlarge
Cnicin 24394-09-0 [(1R,2S,10R)-8-(hydr
oxymethyl)-4-methyl-
13-methylidene-12-ox
o-11-oxabi cyclo[8.
3.0]trideca-4,8-dien
-2-yl]
(3R)-3,4-dihydroxy-2
-methylidene-bu tan
oate
C20H26O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Luteolin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-ch
romen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
13,14b-tetradecahydr
opicene-4a-carboxyli
c acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Citral 96680-15-8 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienal
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
p-Cymene Not Available Dichlororuthenium;
1-methyl-5,6-dihydro
-4H-pyrimidine;
p-cymene
C15H24Cl2N2Ru Click Here To Enlarge
Lithospermic acid Not Available 4-[(E)-2-[(1R)-1-car
boxy-2-(3,4-dihydrox
yphenyl)ethoxy]carbo
nylethenyl ]-2-(3,4
-dihydroxyphenyl)-7-
hydroxy-2,3-dihydrob
enzofuran-3-carboxyl
ic acid
C27H22O12 Click Here To Enlarge
Trachelogenin Not Available (3S,4R)-4-[(3,4-dime
thoxyphenyl)methyl]-
3-hydroxy-3-[(4-hydr
oxy-3-meth oxy-phen
yl)methyl]oxolan-2-o
ne
C21H24O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Arctigenin 7770-78-7 (3R,4R)-4-[(3,4-dime
thoxyphenyl)methyl]-
3-[(4-hydroxy-3-meth
oxy-phenyl )methyl]
oxolan-2-one
C21H24O6 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Indigestion and heartburn, poor appetite, as a contraceptive and to treat cancer as well as infections, heart and liver ailments and fevers, for dropsy, strengthens the heart, and is good for the liver, lungs, and kidneys.

Contraindication

One must carefully handle this herb during the drying and cutting process since it contains substances that greatly irritate external body surfaces. Do not use if an ulcer or any other acute stomach inflammation is present.

Reference

Vanhaelen-Fastre R. [Antibiotic and cytotoxic activity of cnicin isolated from Cnicus benedictus L]. J Pharm Belg1972 Nov-Dec;27(6):683-8.


Vanhaelen-Fastre R. Vanhaelen M.[Presence of salonitenolide in Cnicus benedictus]. Planta Med, 1974 Dec;26(4):37.

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