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Home » Plant infomation

Fumaria officinalis  L.


Botanical Name


Fumaria officinalis L.

English Name


Fumitory, Earthsmoke



Fumaria muralis Sond.





General Info


An annual glucous plant, with a sub-erect, much-branched, spreading, leafy, angular stem, growing from 10 to 15 inches high. The leaves are mostly alternate, bipinnate, or tripinnate; the leaflets are wedge-shaped, cut into flat, lanceolate segments. The flowers are small, flesh-colored, tipped with crimson, nodding, the pedicles becoming erect in fruit. The racemes are opposite to the leaves, stalked, erect, many-flowered, and rather lax. The bracts are lanceolate, acute, and not half the length of the pedicles, especially when in fruit. Petals 4, unequal, one of them with a short, rounded spur at the base. The calyx is colored, toothed, and deciduous. The fruit or nut is ovoid or globose, indehiscent, emarginate, 1-seeded, and valveless, and the seed crestless.

Herb Effects

Antispasmodic, aperient, cholagogue, depurative, slightly diaphoretic, mildly diuretic, laxative, hepatoprotective and weakly tonic (herb)


Plants for a Future
Tattvas's Herbs
King's American Dispensatory
Herb Information


Active Ingredients

Fumaric acid, fumarine; Isoquinoline alkaloids, including bulbocapnine, canadine, coptisine, corydaline, dicentrine, cryptopine, fumaricine, fumariline, fumaritine, N-methylhydrastine, protopine, sanguinarine, sinactine.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories






Product Categories
Fumaric acid 110-17-8 but-2-enedioic acid C4H4O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Fumarine Not Available Not Available C20H19NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Bulbocapnine 298-45-3 Not Available C19H19NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Canadine 5096-57-1 Not Available C20H21NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Coptisine 3486-66-6 Not Available C19H14NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Corydaline 518-69-4 Not Available C22H27NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Dicentrine 517-66-8 Not Available C20H21NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Cryptopine 482-74-6 Not Available C21H23NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Fumaricine 24181-77-9 Not Available C21H23NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Fumariline 20411-03-4 Not Available C20H17NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Fumaritine Not Available Not Available C20H21NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Protopine 130-86-9 Not Available C20H19NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Sanguinarine 5578-73-4 Not Available C20H14NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Sinactine Not Available Not Available C20H21NO4 Click Here To Enlarge


Medicinal Use

In the treatment of all visceral obstructions, particularly those of the liver, arthritis, gallstones, in scorbutic affections, urticaria, jaundice and in troublesome eruptive diseases of the skin, especially eczema and scabies.



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