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Home » Plant infomation

Cetraria islandica  Ach.

   

Botanical Name

:

Cetraria islandica Ach.

English Name

:

Iceland Moss, Cetraria

Synonym(s)

:

Lichen islandicus Linné

Family

:

Parmeliaceae

 

General Info

Description

A sub-erect to erect, small to middle-sized, strap-shaped lichen, 2.5-5.0 cm in height. Thallus sub-foliose or fruticose, tufted, rigid, shining, pale to dusky chestnut-brown or olive- green, sometimes red toward the base, many-lobed; lobes very narrow and elongated to shorter, smooth to lacunose, flattened to rolled, often into a closed tube; the margins entire to thickly spinulose, pale below, pseudocyphellate, pseudocyphellae pale white, laminal and sub-marginal.

Herb Effects

Stimulates the secretion and flow of gastric juices and kills bacteria (similar to that of antibiotics), demulcent, anti-inflammatory, anti-emetic, expectorant.

Links

Australian Naturopathic Network
Iceland Moss
Herb Information
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Lichenin, isolichenin , glucose, glycerol, umbilicin, cetraric, protocetraric, fumarprotocetraric, lichesteric, protolichesteric, dl -usnic and fumaric acids, friedelin, cetrarin, fatty acids, and ribonuclease.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Cetraric acid 489-49-6 Not Available C20H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Fumarprotocetraric acid 489-50-9 Not Available C22H16O12 Click Here To Enlarge
Fumaric acid 110-17-8 but-2-enedioic acid C4H4O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Friedelin 559-74-0 4,4a,6a,6b,8a,11,11,
14a-octamethyl-2,4,5
,6,6a,7,8,9,10,12,12
a,13,14,14 b-tetrad
ecahydro-1H-picen-3-
one
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Digestive disorders and in inflammations of the upper respiratory system, bronchitis and coughs. Externally, it is used in the treatment of boils, vaginal discharges and impetigo.

Contraindication

Contraindicated in gastro-duodenal ulcers due to mucosa irritating property.

Reference

Stary, Medicinal Herbs and Plants.


Olafsdottir ES. Ingolfsdottir K. Barsett H. Paulsen BS. Jurcic K. Wagner H. Immunologically active (1-->3) -(1-->4)- alpha- D-glucan from Cetraria islandica. Phytomedicine1999 Mar;6(1):33-9.

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