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Home » Raw Herbs » Leaves

Ocimum sanctum  Linn.

   

Botanical Name

:

Ocimum sanctum Linn.

English Name

:

Holy basil, Thai basil, Sacred Basil

Synonym(s)

:

Ocimum tenuiflorum L.

Family

:

Lamiaceae

 

General Info

Description

The plant is an erect, herbaceous, much-branched, softly hairy annual. The leaves are elliptic-oblong, acute or obtuse, entire or serrate, pubescent on both sides and minutely gland-dotted; the flowers are in close whorled racemes, purplish or crimson. The nutlets are sub-globose or broadly ellipsoid, slightly compressed, nearly smooth, pale brown or reddish and show small black markings.

Herb Effects

Expectorant, stomachic, diuretic, antiseptic and cardiac stimulant, febrifuge (root).

Links

Herbal Monograph
Holy Basil
Ocimum sanctum
Maimes Report on Holy Basil

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ascorbic acid, beta carotene, carvacrol, eugenol, eugenol-methyl-ether, methyl-chavicol(leaf); beta sitosterol, linolenic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, xylose (seed); saponin and tannin (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta Carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Carvacrol 499-75-2 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-phenol
C10H14O Click Here To Enlarge
Eugenol 97-53-0 2-methoxy-4-prop-2-e
nyl-phenol
C10H12O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
15,16,17-dodecahydro
-1H-cyclopenta[a]phe
nanthren-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Linolenic acid 94138-91-7 octadeca-9,12,15-tri
enoic acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Xylose 25990-60-7 oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol C5H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Used in catarrh, cough, bronchitis, ringworm and other cutaneous diseases, stomachic in gastric disorders of children and in hepatic affections.

Contraindication

It may be best for pregnant or breast-feeding women to avoid use of the herb, especially the volatile oil.14 People with serious kidney or liver damage should not use basil volatile oil internally, as they could theoretically have trouble eliminating it from their bodies.

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