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Home » Plant infomation

Polypodium vulgare  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Polypodium vulgare L.

English Name

:

Common Polypody

Family

:

Polypodiaceae

 

General Info

Description

Smallish evergreen fern of rock crevices, 10 - 25 cm high; fronds form a network of spreading, mat-like rhizomes. Leaves single; leathery, green, erect or spreading; blade elongated, tapering to a pointed tip, deeply cut almost to the central axis; leaflets almost altemate, hairiess, margins entire or shallowly toothed, blunt-tipped; central axis basically winged; leafstalk lightly scaled near the base. The fruit is borne on the lower surface of the frond, in large, distinct, golden dots, sori, or capsules, without any indusium, round, in a double row, and becoming finally brownish

Herb Effects

Alterative, anthelmintic, cholagogue, demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, pectoral, purgative, tonic (root)

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Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Benzoic acid, citric acid, citrostadienol, malic acid, (root); beta-sitosterol, butyric acid, caffeic acid, catechins, filicin, glycyrrhizin, lauric acid, methyl-salicylate, stearic acid, sucrose (rhizome); salicyclic acid (leaf).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Benzoic acid 8013-63-6 benzoic acid C7H6O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Citric acid Not Available 2-hydroxypropane-1,2
,3-tricarboxylic
acid
C6H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Citrostadienol Not Available (3S,10R,13S,17R)-4,1
0,13-trimethyl-17-[(
Z)-5-propan-2-ylhept
-5-en-2-yl ]-2,3,4,
5,6,9,11,12,14,15,16
,17-dodecahydro-1H-c
yclopenta[a]phenanth
re n-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Malic acid Not Available 2-hydroxybutanedioic
acid
C4H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Butyric acid 107-92-6 Butanoic acid C4H8O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Catechin 5323-80-8 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)chroman-3,5,7-tri
ol
C15H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Filicin 4482-83-1 2-butanoyl-4-[[3-but
anoyl-5-[(5-butanoyl
-2,6-dihydroxy-3,3-d
imethyl-4- oxo-1-cy
clohexa-1,5-dienyl)m
ethyl]-2,4,6-trihydr
oxy-phenyl]methyl]-3
,5 -dihydroxy-6,6-d
imethyl-cyclohexa-2,
4-dien-1-one
C36H44O12 Click Here To Enlarge
Glycyrrhizin 53956-04-0 6-[(11-carboxy-4,4,6
a,6b,8a,11,14b-hepta
methyl-14-oxo-2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9 ,10,12,1
2a,14a-dodecahydro-1
H-picen-3-yl)oxy]-5-
(6-carboxy-3,4,5-tri
hy droxy-oxan-2-yl)
oxy-3,4-dihydroxy-ox
ane-2-carboxylic
acid
C42H62O16 Click Here To Enlarge
Lauric acid 8045-27-0 Dodecanoic acid C12H24O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Methyl salicylate 8024-54-2 methyl
2-hydroxybenzoate
C8H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Sucrose Not Available 2-[3,4-dihydroxy-2,5
-bis(hydroxymethyl)o
xolan-2-yl]oxy-6-(hy
droxymethy l)oxane-
3,4,5-triol
C12H22O11 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For melancholia and also for rheumatic swelling of the joints (fresh roots); in jaundice, dropsy and scurvy, and combined with mallows removes hardness of the spleen, stitches in the side and colic. In the treatment of pleurisy, hives, sore throats and stomach aches and as a mild laxative for children (tea from roots).

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