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Home » Raw Herbs » Rhizome

Zingiber officinalis  ROXB.

   

Botanical Name

:

Zingiber officinalis ROXB.

English Name

:

Ginger

Synonym(s)

:

Amomum zingiber Linn.

Family

:

Zingiberaceae

 

General Info

Description

Ginger is a perennial root which creeps and increases underground, in tuberous joints; in the spring it sends up from its roots a green reed, like a stalk, 2 feet high, with narrow lanceolate leaves; these die down annually. The flowering stalk rises directly from the root, ending in an oblong scallop spike; from each spike a white or yellow bloom grows. Ginger flowers have an aromatic smell and the bruised stem a characteristic fragrance, but the root is considered the most useful part of the plant, and must not be used under a year's growth.

Herb Effects

Analgesic, antiemetic, aphrodisiac, aromatic, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, expectorant, nervine, rubefacient, stimulant, stomachic.

Links

Planet Botanic
Zingiber officanale

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

1,8-Cineole, 10-Gingerdione, 10-Gingerol, 6-Dehydrogingerdione, 6-Gingerdione, 6-gingerol, 6-shogaol, 8-Beta-17-Epoxy-Labd-Trans-12-Enr-15,16-Dial, 8-gingerol, 8-shogaol, 9-Oxo-Nerolidol, acetaldehyde, acetic acid, acetone, alanine, alpha-cucurmene, alpha-linolenic acid, alpha pinene, alpha terpinene, alpha zingeberene, arginine, beta-bisabolene, beta carotene, beta-elemene, beta-eudesmol, beta-ionone, beta-myrcene, beta-phellandrene, beta-pinene,

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
1,8-Cineole 8024-53-1 2,2,4-trimethyl-3-ox
abicyclo[2.2.2]octan
e
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
10-Gingerol Not Available 1-hydroxy-1-(4-hydro
xy-3-methoxy-cyclohe
xyl)-decan-3-one
C17H32O4 Click Here To Enlarge
6-Gingerol Not Available 5-hydroxy-1-(4-hydro
xy-3-methoxy-cyclohe
xyl)-decan-3-one
C17H32O4 Click Here To Enlarge
8-Gingerol Not Available 1-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-cyclohexyl)decan-
3-ol
C17H34O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Acetaldehyde 108-62-3 2,4,6,8-tetramethyl-
1,3,5,7-tetraoxocane
C8H16O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Acetic acid 77671-22-8 acetic acid C2H4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Alanine 35597-43-4 2-[2-[2-amino-4-(hyd
roxy-methyl-phosphor
yl)-butanoyl]aminopr
opanoylami no]propa
noic acid
C11H22N3O6P Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Linolenic acid 94138-91-7 octadeca-9,12,15-tri
enoic acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16
alpha-Terpinene 99-86-5 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,3-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Bisabolene 495-61-4 6-methyl-2-(4-methyl
-1-cyclohex-3-enyl)-
hepta-1,5-diene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Eudesmol 473-15-4 2-(4a-methyl-8-methy
lidene-decalin-2-yl)
propan-2-ol
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-ionone 14901-07-6 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1
-cyclohexenyl)but-3-
en-2-one
C13H20O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Phellandrene 555-10-2 3-methylidene-6-prop
an-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-pinene 23089-32-9 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

A household remedy for flatulence and colic, for diarrhoea from relaxed bowel where there is no inflammation, for atherosclerosis, heart disease, chemotherapy support, migraine headaches, morning sickness, motion sickness, nausea and vomiting following surgery, rheumatoid arthritis, belching, laryngitis, vomiting, constipation, incontinence, flatulence, colic, spasms, fever, eye diseases, asthma, colds, cough, arthritis, bursitis, fibrocystic breasts, lymphedema, in nervous diseases, and for incontinence of urine.

Contraindication

Ginger should not be used by those with heat signs in the lungs or stomach. Avoid taking ginger for two weeks prior to undergoing elective surgery. Long-term use during pregnancy is not recommended. Ginger can increase the potency of prescription medications used to prevent blood clots, such as aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), ticlopidine (Ticlid), or warfarin (Coumadin). Combining ginger with these medications could result in unexpected bleeding.

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