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Home » Raw Herbs » Others

Centella asiatica  

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Centella asiatica

English Name

:

Indian or Water Pennywort, Marsh Penny, Gotu-Kola and Sneezewort

Synonym(s)

:

Hydrocotyle asiatica Linn, Hydrocotyle nummularioidesRich, Hydrocotyle pallida DC.&c.

Family

:

Apiaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a prostrate, perennial herb. The stem is glabrous, pink and striated, rooting at the nodes. The leaves are fleshy, orbicular-reniform, crenate, base cordate and often lobed and long-petioled. The flowers are red, pink or white, in fascicled umbels. The fruits are oblong, dull brown, laterally compressed; the pericarp hard, thickened, woody and white.

Herb Effects

Antiprotozoal, alleviates spasms and sedative (plant); on keratinization and collagen synthesis (stimulates hair and nail growth and provides support for the repair of cartilagen); neutralizes acids in the blood, antiinflammatory, laxative (mild), diuretic, antispasmodic.

Links

Plants for a Future
Floridata
Herbal Monograph
Herb Information
PIER
Vedic Lifescience Pvt. Ltd.

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, beta-elemene, niacin, pectin, riboflavin, thiamin(leaf); asiatic acid, asiaticoside, aspartic acid, beta-sitosterol, betulinic acid, brahminoside, brahmoside, glycine, inositol, kaempferol, linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, stigmasterol (plant); camphor (essential oil)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-elemene 33880-83-0 1-ethenyl-1-methyl-2
,4-diprop-1-en-2-yl-
cyclohexane
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Asiatic acid Not Available (1S,2R,4aS,6aS,6bR,9
R,10R,11R,12aR,14bR)
-10,11-dihydroxy-9-(
hydroxymet hyl)-1,2
,6a,6b,9,12a-hexamet
hyl-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8
,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-
te tradecahydro-1H-
picene-4a-carboxylic
acid
C30H48O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Asiaticoside Not Available [6-[[3,4-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)-5-(
3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-m
ethyl-oxan -2-yl)ox
y-oxan-2-yl]oxymethy
l]-3,4,5-trihydroxy-
oxan-2-yl]
10,11-dihyd roxy-9-
(hydroxymethyl)-1,2,
6a,6a,9,12a-hexameth
yl-1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,6b
,7, 8,8a,10,11,12,1
3,14b-hexadecahydrop
icene-4-carboxylate
C48H78O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Aspartic acid 6899-03-2 2-aminobutanedioic
acid
C4H7NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Betulinic Acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Glycine 87867-94-5 2-aminoacetic acid C2H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Inositol 551-72-4 cyclohexane-1,2,3,4,
5,6-hexol
C6H12O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 Octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Camphor 8022-77-3 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For healing wounds (plant extract); in tuberculosis and leprosy (plant decoction); improves intellectual capacity, concentration and memory of children, in skin diseases, asthma, bronchitis, gastric problems, leucorrhea, catarrh, as an antidote in cholera; on boils and tumours (plant paste); to cure severe headache, to prevent and cure urinary tract infections and the growth of kidney stones (leaf juice).

Contraindication

The raw leaf juice should be consumed in small doses. since it is very potent and an excess may lead to coma.
Nausea has been reported at very high levels of intake.
It should not be taken internally as a supplement by children under 4 or breast-feeding / pregnant mothers. People taking sedatives should also not use centella as a supplement.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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