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Home » Raw Herbs » Wood

Santalum album  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Santalum album L.

English Name

:

Indian sandalwood

Synonym(s)

:

Syrium myrtifolium, Roxb.

Family

:

Santalaceae

 

General Info

Description

This is a small evergreen tree, sometimes reaching 20 m tall. Sometimes, it grows shrubby or climbing up to 4 m tall; the trunk cylindrical; the bark coarse, greyish-brown to reddish brown; the lower branches sometimes drooping; branchlets slightly angular. The leaves are arranged in opposite pair, with thin stalk; the blades, egg-shaped, lanceolate-elliptic with gradually narrowed top, surface above pale green, whitish beneath. The inflorescences are in terminal panicles or raceme. Flowers are bisexual, bell-shaped, initially yellowish, turning brownish red, with hairs grouped behind the stamens. Fruits are oval in shape, a 1-seeded drupe, with a small apical collar, outside blue to black-red, soft or firm. Seeds are without seed cover or testa.

Herb Effects

Alterative, antibacterial, antiseptic, astringent, carminative, disinfectant, diuretic, expectorant, hemostatic, refrigerant, sedative, stimulant.

Links

Herbal Monograph
Herb Information
Daves Garden

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

4-Vinyl-guatacol, alanine, alpha cucurmene, alpha terpinol, asparagene, beta santalene, beta-sitosterol, borneol, citronellol, eugenol, fructose, geraniol, guaiacol, isoeugenol, linolenic acid, lysine, O-cresol, oleic acid, p-cresol, phenol, serine, sucrose and tannin.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Alanine 35597-43-4 2-[2-[2-amino-4-(hyd
roxy-methyl-phosphor
yl)-butanoyl]aminopr
opanoylami no]propa
noic acid
C11H22N3O6P Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Borneol 10385-78-1 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Citronellol 26489-01-0 3,7-dimethyloct-6-en
-1-ol
C10H20O Click Here To Enlarge
Eugenol 97-53-0 2-methoxy-4-prop-2-e
nyl-phenol
C10H12O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Geraniol 8007-13-4 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dien-1-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Guaiacol 90-05-1 2-methoxyphenol C7H8O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Isoeugenol 97-54-1 2-methoxy-4-prop-1-e
nyl-phenol
C10H12O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linolenic acid 94138-91-7 Octadeca-9,12,15-tri
enoic acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Lysine 923-27-3 2,6-diaminohexanoic
acid
C6H14N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
O-cresol 95-48-7 2-methylphenol C7H8O Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
P-cresol 72269-62-6 4-methylphenol C7H8O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Chronic bronchitis, gonorrhoea, gleet, in chronic cystitis, vomiting and stomach-ache, to burns; in fevers and headache (wood paste). The oil is active against Eberthella typhosa and Escherichia coli. The oil from the seeds is used in skin troubles.

Contraindication

Lung congestion, mild skin irritation from topical application of sandalwood oil.

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