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Home » Raw Herbs

Zizyphus jujuba  LAM.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Zizyphus jujuba LAM.

English Name

:

Zizyphus, Chinese date, Common jujube.

Synonym(s)

:

Ziziphus zizyphus ((L.)Karsten.), Ziziphus vulgaris (Lam.), Ziziphus sativa (Gaertn.), Ziziphus mauritiana lamk.

Family

:

Rhamnaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a small tree or large shrub, almost evergreen and usually armed with dark-grey or nearly black bark. Its young branches are rusty tomentose. Leaves are elliptic-ovate or suborbicular, dark green and glabrous above and densely wooly-tomentose beneath. Prickles are in unequal pairs; one straight, the other is recurved. Flowers are in axillary clusters or shortly peduncled cymes. The drupes are oblong or obovoid or globose, 2 celled, fleshy, glabrous and red when ripe. Seeds are plano convex.

Herb Effects

Hypnotic, narcotic, sedative, stomachic and tonic (seeds); useful in arresting secretion or bleeding (bark); purifies the blood and aids digestion, increases the function of the brain by releasing more glutamic acid into the bloodstream (fruit); astringent and febrifuge (leaves); anodyne, anticancer, pectoral, refrigerant, sedative, stomachic, styptic and tonic (dried fruits).

Links

Zizyphus jujuba Mill.

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, citric acid, niacin, riboflavin, tannin, thiamin (fruit); betulin (bark, seed, stem bark); betulinic acid, maslinic acid, oleanolic acid, scopoletin, ursolic acid (plant); coumarin, rutin (leaf).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Betulinic Acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Citric acid Not Available 2-hydroxypropane-1,2
,3-tricarboxylic
acid
C6H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Coumarin 60094-90-8 6-(1,2-dihydroxy-3-m
ethyl-but-3-enyl)-7-
methoxy-chromen-2-on
e
C15H16O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
13,14b-tetradecahydr
opicene-4a-carboxyli
c acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Scopoletin 92-61-5 2-hydroxy-6-methoxy-
chromen-7-one
C10H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Betulin Not Available Not Available C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Maslinic acid 4373-41-5 10,11-dihydroxy-2,2,
6a,6b,9,9,12a-heptam
ethyl-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7
,8,8a,10,1 1,12,13,
14b-tetradecahydropi
cene-4a-carboxylic
acid
C30H48O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

It aids weight gain, improves muscular strength and increases stamina. It is a tonic to strengthen liver function and increases immune-system resistance. It promotes the growth of hair. It is used to form a plaster in the treatment of strangury. It purifies blood and aid digestion. They are used internally in the treatment of chronic fatigue, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, anaemia, irritability and hysteria. It is used internally in the treatment of palpitations, insomnia, nervous exhaustion, night sweats and excessive perspiration. The root is used in the treatment of dyspepsia. A decoction of the root has been used in the treatment of fevers. The root is made into a powder and applied to old wounds and ulcers. The plant is a folk remedy for anaemia, hypertonia, nephritis and nervous diseases.

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