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Home » Plant infomation

Rosa damascena  Mill.

   

Botanical Name

:

Rosa damascena Mill.

English Name

:

Persian Rose

Synonym(s)

:

Rosa centifolia

Family

:

Rosaceae

 

General Info

Description

An erect shrub, up to 2 m high. Branches long, arching, with large hooked prickles; leaves pinnate, leaflets 3-7, petioles prickly; flowers many in a corymb, double, red, pink or white, on slender glandular-hispid and prickly pedicels, sweet-scented; fruit ovoid or obovate, bristly, bright red and pulpy.

Herb Effects

Bitter, astringent, sweet, cooling emollient aromatic, cardiotonic, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, digestive, carminative, aphrodisiac, depurative, febrifuge, intellect promoting styptic (flowers)

Links

Rose

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alpha-pinene, benzaldehyde, beta-pinene, camphene, carvone, cinnamaldehyde, citronellol, ethanol, eugenol, geranial, geraniol, heneicosane, limonene, methyl-eugenol, myrcene, neral, nerol, nonadecane, phenylethyl alcohol, terpinen-4-ol, (oil); beta-sitosterol, kaempferol (plant); chlorogenic acid (pollen); lycopene, xanthophyll, zeaxanthin (fruit); quercetin, quercitrin (flower)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Citronellol 26489-01-0 3,7-dimethyloct-6-en
-1-ol
C10H20O Click Here To Enlarge
Geraniol 8007-13-4 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dien-1-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Nonadecane Not Available nonadecane C19H40 Click Here To Enlarge
Heneicosane 629-94-7 henicosane C21H44 Click Here To Enlarge
Phenylethyl alcohol Not Available 2-phenylethanol C8H10O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16
Benzaldehyde 100-52-7 benzaldehyde C7H6O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Pinene 23089-32-9 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphene 5794-04-7 2,2-dimethyl-3-methy
lidene-norbornane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Carvone 53763-73-8 2-methyl-5-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohex-2-en-
1-one
C10H14O Click Here To Enlarge
Cinnamaldehyde Not Available 3-phenylprop-2-enal C9H8O Click Here To Enlarge
Ethanol 8024-45-1 ethanol C2H6O Click Here To Enlarge
Eugenol 97-53-0 2-methoxy-4-prop-2-e
nyl-phenol
C10H12O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Geranial 141-27-5 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienal
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Myrcene 2153-31-3 7-methyl-3-methylide
ne-octa-1,6-diene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Neral 96680-15-8 (2E)-3,7-dimethyloct
a-2,6-dienal
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Nerol 106-24-1 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dien-1-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Nonadecane Not Available nonadecane C19H40 Click Here To Enlarge
Terpinen-4-ol Not Available 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohex-3-en-1-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Lycopene Not Available 2,6,10,14,19,23,27,3
1-octamethyldotriaco
nta-2,6,8,10,12,14,1
6,18,20,22 ,24,26,3
0-tridecaene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Xanthophyll 34445-91-5 4-[18-(4-hydroxy-2,6
,6-trimethyl-1-cyclo
hexenyl)-3,7,12,16-t
etramethyl -octadec
a-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15
,17-nonaenyl]-3,5,5-
trimethyl-cyclohex-2
-e n-1-ol
C40H56O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Zeaxanthin Not Available 4-[18-(4-hydroxy-2,6
,6-trimethyl-1-cyclo
hexenyl)-3,7,12,16-t
etramethyl -octadec
a-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15
,17-nonaenyl]-3,5,5-
trimethyl-cyclohex-3
-e n-1-ol
C40H56O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercitrin 6151-25-3 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
(3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
methyl-oxa n-2-yl)o
xy-chromen-7-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In heart problems, as a tonic and gentle laxative (flower bud); in intestinal ulcers, rickets, haemorrhages and diarrhoea (roots); in treating wounds, ophthalmia, hepatopathy and haemorrhoids (leaves)

Reference

The Himalaya Drug Company

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