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Home » Raw Herbs » Fruits

Terminalia chebula  RETZ. & WILLD

   

Botanical Name

:

Terminalia chebula RETZ. & WILLD

English Name

:

Black or Chebulic Myrobalan

Synonym(s)

:

Myrobalanus chebula (Retz.) Gaertn.

Family

:

Combretaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a tree with a rounded crown and spreading branches. The bark is dark-brown, often longitudinally cracked; the leaves are ovate or elliptic with a pair of large glands at the top of the petiole; the flowers are yellowish white, in terminal spikes; the drupes are ellipsoidal, obovoid or ovoid, yellow to orange-brown and hard when ripe, becoming 5-ribbed on drying; the seeds are hard and pale yellow.

Herb Effects

Carminative, increases the secretion of gastric juices, laxative and antispasmodic (fruit); lowers blood sugar and antiviral (flower); coagulates semen and stimulates the central nervous system (stem bark); protects the liver.

Links

Herbal Monograph
Myrobalans

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Arginine, ascorbic acid, asparagine, chebulin, chebulagic acid, chebulinic acid, corilagin, ellagic acid, gallic acid, pectin, shikimic acid, sorbitol, succinic acid, tannic acid, xylose (fruit); beta-sitosterol (bark); stearic, oleic, palmitic and behenic acids (oil from the kernel); linoleic acid, oleic acid (seed)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Corilagin 23094-69-1 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Chebulagic acid Not Available Not Available C41H30O27 Click Here To Enlarge
Chebulinic acid 18942-26-2 Not Available C41H32O27 Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Asparagine 2058-58-4 2,4-diamino-4-oxo-bu
tanoic acid
C4H8N2O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Ellagic acid Not Available Not Available C14H6O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Shikimic acid 138-59-0 3,4,5-trihydroxycycl
ohexene-1-carboxylic
acid
C7H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Sorbitol 98201-93-5 (2R,3R,4R,5S)-hexane
-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol
C6H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Succinic acid 6283-68-7 butanedioic acid C4H6O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannic acid 1401-55-4 Not Available Not Available Click Here To Enlarge
Xylose 25990-60-7 Oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol C5H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Behenic acid 7211-53-2 docosanoic acid C22H44O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Stomach problems, tooth decay, hemorrhoids, external wounds, ulcers, scalds, inflammation of the mouth mucosa, increases the secretion of gastric juices (fruit); in asthma, sore throat, vomiting, sore eyes, heart diseases, hiccups, indigestion, constipation etc.

Contraindication

Not be used by those who are pregnant. Safety in young children, nursing women, or those with severe liver of kidney disease is not known.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., The Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Grieve MA, Modern Herbal 1931 (www.botanical.com).

Johnson T, CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference.

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